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Glossary of Basic Earth Science Final

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A fault zone is a group of interconnected fualts.
True
the earthquakes that cause the most damage usually have a shallow focus.
True
The New Madrid, Missouri earthquake of 1812 resulted from movement along the San Andreas Fault.
False
Tsuanamis are seismic waves that travel through the earth's core.
FALSE
Surface Waves are especially destructive when traveling through the earth's core.
False
The San Andreas Fault zone has formed where the edge of the Pacific plate is slipping:
a. under the N. American plate
b. over the N. Ammerican plate
c. South along the N. American plate
d. North along the N. American plate
A. Under the N.Amer. plate
Information from how many seismographs is generally needed to lacate the Epicenter of an earthquake.
A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4
C. 3
P waves travel how many times faster than S waves

A. 0.17 B. 1.7 C. 17.0 D. 31.7
B. 1.7 times
During the Alaskan earthquake of 1964, most deaths were cause by

A. the collapse of buildings
B. A tsunami
C. vibration of the ground
D.Cracks formed in the earth
B. a tsunami
Earthqaukes take place along faults in the earth 's________
Crust
Seismic waves that can penetrate the liquid part of the earth's core are called______
P-waves Primary waves are the strongest
The last waves to be recorded by a seismograph are the____
Surface waves
A major earthquake must have a magnitude of at least______
7+
Series of smaller tremors that follow major earthquake zone called the____
Aftershocks
The Richter scale is used to express an earthquake's_____
Magnitude
Meridians are circles around the earth parallel to the equator.
False
Each degree of latitude is equal to 60 seconds of latitude.
False
Landsat satellites are used by cartographers.
True
On a topographical map, elevation is represented by contour lines.
TRUE
the distance represented by a degree of longitude is greatest at the equator.
TRUE
The North Pole has a latitude of

A. O B. 45 C.90 D.180
C. 90
On a topographic map, contour lines that bend to form a V-shaped indicate

A. hilltop B. declination

C. cliff D. valley
D. valley
A city's location on the earth with respect to the prime meridian is given by the city's:

A.elevation B. declination
C. latitude D. longitude
D. Longitude
A southern city in the United States has a lititude of 33 51'53"N. The symbol 53" represents:

A. 53 seconds B.53 degrees
C. 53 minutes D. 53 miles
A. 53 seconds
The line of longitude that passes through Greenwhich, England, is called the :
Prime Meridian
the angular distance north or south of the equator is called____
Latitude
On a topographical map, the difference in elevation between one contour line and the next is the ______
contour INTERVALS
On maps, symbols for features such as cities and rivers are explained in the map's ____
legend
The only line of latitude that is a great circle is the ______
equator
On a topographic map, depressions are marked with loops having short, straight lines called______
depression contours
Meteorology is the study of the earth's oceans.
FALSE
Most plastics are biodegradeable
FALSE
A hypothesis may be based on facts established through experimentation.
TRUE
In order for a theory to become a law, it must be proven correct every time it is tested.
TRUE
Earth Science includes the study of oceans.
TRUE
Which of the following is part of the biosphere?

A.the oceans B. the moon
C.the earth's core D.the sun
A. the ocean
Which is a meteorologist most likely to study?

A.Mountain formations B.marine life
C.rainfall trends D.meteroites
C.rainfall
The field of science based on the study of the earth and of the universe around it is called_______
Earth Science
A scientist's possible explanation of a solution to a problem is called a ____
hypothesis

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