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Glossary of Barron's book - Random exercises

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prodigal
spendthrift; extravagant person
self-effacement
withdrawal from attention
artifice
trickery; guile
devious
indirect
officious
meddlesome
penury
extreme poverty
discomfited
abashed; disconcerted; exhibiting embarrassment
drive
noun - state of instinctual need (like thirst)
skulduggery
dishonest, unscrupulous behavior
effrontery
shameless boldness
taciturnity
quality of being uncommunicative
gaucheness
awkwardness
precipitate (adj.)
hasty, impetuous
list (v.)
to lean to one side or tilt (dealing with ships)
nice
requiring or marked by great accuracy, delicacy, and skill
chary
hesitant, reluctant to proceed
redoubtable
fearsome
scad
a large number or amount
entrench
To provide with a trench, especially for the purpose of fortifying or defending.
To fix firmly or securely
sumptuous
Of a size or splendor suggesting great expense; lavish
beguile
To deceive by guile; delude.
To take away from by or as if by guile; cheat.
To distract the attention of; divert.
To pass (time) pleasantly.
To amuse or charm; delight.
obliquity
deviation from parallelism or perpendicularity
parsimonious
Excessively sparing or frugal
abrogate
To abolish, do away with, or annul, especially by authority.
lugubrious
Mournful, dismal, or gloomy, especially to an exaggerated or ludicrous degree.
stupefy
To dull the senses or faculties of.
To amaze; astonish.
cogent
Appealing to the intellect or powers of reasoning; convincing
credit
To believe in; trust
stilted
Stiffly or artificially formal; stiff.
ungainly
Lacking grace or ease of movement or form; clumsy.
Difficult to move or use; unwieldy.
abstemious
Eating and drinking in moderation
sobriety
Gravity in bearing, manner, or treatment.
mirth
Gladness and gaiety, especially when expressed by laughter.
restiveness
a feeling of impatience or uneasiness induced by external coercion or restriction,
petulance
Unreasonably irritable or ill-tempered; peevish.
Contemptuous in speech or behavior.
hallow
To make or set apart as holy.
To respect or honor greatly; revere.
spur
To incite or stimulate
mealymouthed
Unwilling to state facts or opinions simply and directly,
as from e.g. timidity or hypocrisy
prevaricate
To stray from or evade the truth; equivocate
nefarious
Infamous by way of being extremely wicked.
begrudge
To envy the possession or enjoyment of
To give or expend with reluctance
bilk (v.)
To defraud, cheat, or swindle
To evade payment of
To thwart or frustrate
To elude.
occlude
To cause to become closed; obstruct
To prevent the passage of
cavil (v.)
To find fault unnecessarily; raise trivial objections
recalcitrant
Marked by stubborn resistance to and defiance of authority or guidance
nettle (v.)
To sting with or as if with a nettle.
To irritate; vex.
paltry
Lacking in importance or worth, trivial.
Wretched or contemptible.
splenetic
Affected or marked by ill humor or irritability.
virulence
Bitterly hostile or antagonistic; hateful.
Intensely irritating, obnoxious, or harsh.
asperity
Roughness or harshness, as of surface, sound, or climate.
Severity; rigor.
A slight projection from a surface; a point or bump.
Harshness of manner; ill temper or irritability.
fetter (v.)
To put fetters on; shackle.
To restrict the freedom of.
boggle (v.)
To hesitate as if in fear or doubt.
To shy away or be overcome with fright or astonishment.
To act ineptly or inefficiently; bungle
hidebound (adj.)
Stubbornly prejudiced, narrow-minded, or inflexible.
gambol (v.)
To leap about playfully; frolic.
taper (v.)
To become gradually narrower or thinner toward one end.
To diminish or lessen gradually
high-handed
Arrogant; overbearing; oppressive; arbitrary; violent
dejected
Being in low spirits; depressed
vouchsafe (v.)
To condescend to grant or bestow (a privilege, for example); deign.
jettison (v.)
To cast overboard or off
To discard (something) as unwanted or burdensome
savant
A learned person; a scholar.
gamely
in a plucky manner
crestfallen
Dispirited and depressed; dejected.
haughty
Scornfully and condescendingly proud
desultory
Moving or jumping from one thing to another; disconnected
Occurring haphazardly; random
pulchritude
Great physical beauty and appeal.
rancor
Bitter, long-lasting resentment; deep-seated ill will.
panegyric
formal eulogistic composition intended as a public compliment.
Elaborate praise or laudation; an encomium.
elegy
A poem or song composed especially as a lament for a deceased person.
auger
Any of various hand tools, typically having a threaded shank and cross handle, used for boring holes in wood or ice.
A drill bit.

A machine having a rotating helical shaft for boring into the earth.
A rotating helical shaft used to convey material, as in a snow blower.
augury
The art, ability, or practice of auguring; divination.
A sign of something coming; an omen
wick
A cord or strand of loosely woven, twisted, or braided fibers, as on a candle or oil lamp, that draws up fuel to the flame by capillary action.
scrimshaw
The art of carving or incising intricate designs on whalebone or whale ivory.
A decorative article made by this art.
eddy
A current, as of water or air, moving contrary to the direction of the main current, especially in a circular motion.
A drift or tendency that is counter to or separate from a main current, as of opinion, tradition, or history.
pseudopod
temporary outgrowth used by some microorganisms as an organ of feeding or locomotion; used by amoeba for grasping
minnow
Any of a large group of small freshwater fishes of the family Cyprinidae, widely used as live bait.
Any of various other small, often silver-colored fishes.
rectitude
Moral uprightness; righteousness.
The quality or condition of being correct in judgment.
The quality of being straight.
fret (v.)
to provide with an ornamental design consisting of repeated and symmetrical geometric figures, often in relief, contained within a band or border.
glaze (v.)
To fit, furnish, or secure with glass: glaze a window.
mendicant
a beggar
sap (n.)
The watery fluid that circulates through a plant, carrying food and other substances to the various tissues.
The fluid contents of a plant cell vacuole.
An essential bodily fluid.
Health and energy; vitality.
apiary (n.)
A place where bees and beehives are kept, especially a place where bees are raised for their honey; home for bees.
ratiocinate
To reason methodically and logically; to think
canto
One of the principal divisions of a long poem.
vise (n.)
A clamping device, usually consisting of two jaws closed or opened by a screw or lever, used in carpentry or metalworking to hold a piece in position.
crowbar
a tool used to pry things apart
stag (n.)
a male deer
doe : stag
female deer : male deer
colt : stallion
colt is a young stallion
ants: colony
one to group
bees: swarm
one to group
chicks: clutch
one to group
crows: murder
one to group
clams: bed
one to group
ducks: brace
one to group
elks: gang
one to group
fish: school
one to group
geese: flock
one to group
hares: down
one to group
hens: brood
one to group
kangaroos: troop
one to group
leopards: leap
one to group
lions: pride
one to group
monkeys: troop
one to group
oxen: yoke
one to group
seals: pod
one to group
sheep: flock
one to group
swans: bevy
one to group
whales: pod
one to group
drake: hen
male:female duck
gander: goose
male:female goose
stallion:mare
male:female horse
boar:sow
male:female pig
buck:doe
male:female rabbit
ram:ewe
male:female sheep
goose:gaggle
one to group
goose:gosling
old to young goose

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