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Glossary of Barron's High Frequency Words

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Abate
V. Subside or moderate.
Aberrant
Adj. Abnormal or deviant.
Abeyance
N. Suspended action.
Abscond
V. Depart secretly and hide.
Abstemious
Adj. Sparing in eating and drinking; Temperate.
Admonish
V. Warn; Reprove.
Adulterate
V. Make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances.
Asthetic
Adj. Artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful.
Aggregate
V. Gather; Accumulate.
Alacrity
N. Cheerful promptness; eagerness.
Alleviate
V. Relieve.
Amalgamate
V. combine; unite in one body.
Ambigious
Adj. Unclear or doubtful in meaning.
Ambivalence
N. The state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes.
Ameliorate
V. Improve.
Anachronism
N. Something or someone misplaced in time.
Analogous
Adj. Comparable.
Anarchy
N. Absence of governing body; state of disorder.
Anomaious
Adj. Abnormal; irregular.
Antipathy
N. Aversion; dislike.
Apathy
N. Lack of caring; indefference.
Appease
V. Pacify or soothe; relieve.
Apprise
V. Inform
Approbation
N. Approval.
Appropriate
V. Acquire; take possession of for one's own use.
Arduous
Adj, Hard; strenuous.
Artless
Adj. Without guile; open and honest.
Ascetic
Adj. Practicing self-denial; austere.
Assiduous
Adj. Diligent.
Assuage
V. Ease or lessen (pain); satisify (hunger); soothe (anger).
Attenuate
V. Make thin; weaken.
Audacious
Adj. Daring; bold.
Austere
Adj. Forbiddingly stern; severely simple and unornamented.
Autonomous
Adj. Self-governing.
Aver
V. State confidently.
Banal
Adj. Hackneyed; Commonplace; trite; lacking originality.
Belie
V. Contradict; give a false impression.
Beneficent
Adj. Kindly; doing good.
Bolster
V. Support; reinforce.
Bombastic
Adj. Pompous; using inflated language.
Boorish
Adj. Rude; insensitive.
Burgeon
V. Grow forth; send out buds.
Burnish
V. Make shiny by rubbing; polish.
Buttress
V. Support; prop up.
Cacophonous
Adj. Discordant; inharmonious.
Capricious
Adj. Unpreditable; fickle.
Castigation
N. Punishment; Severe criticism.
Catalyst
N. Agent that brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged.
Caustic
Adj. Burning; sarcastically biting.
Chicanery
N. Trickery; deception.
Coagulate
V. Thicken; Congeal; Clot.
Coda
N. Concluding section of a musical or literanry composition.
Cogent
Adj. Convincing.
Commensurate
Adj. Equal in extenct.
Compendium
V. Brief, comprehensive summary.
Complaisant
Adj. Trying to please; obliging.
Compliant
Adj. Yeilding; conforming to requirments.
Conciliatory
Adj. Reconciling; soothing.
Condone
V. Overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse.
Confound
V. Confuse; puzzle.
Connoisseur
N. Person competent to act as a judge or art, etc.; lover of an art.
Contention
N. Claim; Thesis.
Contentious
Adj. Quarrelsome.
Contrite
Adj. penitent.
Conundrum
N. riddle; difficult problem.
Converge
V. Approach; tend to meet; come together.
Convoluted
Adj. Coiled around; involved; Intricate.
Craven
Adj. Cowardly.
Daunt
V. Intimidate; frighten.
Decorum
N. Propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners.
Default
N. Failure to act.
Deference
N. Courteous regard for another's wish.
Delineate
V. Portray; depict; sketch.
Denigrate
V. Blacken.
Deride
V. Ridicule; make fun of.
Derivative
Adj. Unoriginal; obtained from another source.
Desiccate
V. Dry up.
Desultory
Adj. Aimless; haphazard; digressing at random.
Deterrent
N. Something that discourages; hinderance.
Diatribe
N. Bitter scolding; invective.
Dichotomy
N. Split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones).
Diffidence
N. Shyness.
Diffuse
Adj. Wordy; rambling; spread out (like a gas).
Digression
N. Wandering away from the subject.
Dirge
N. Lament with music.
Disabuse
V. Correct a false impression; undeceive.
Discerning
Adj. Mentally quick and observant; having insight.
Discordant
Adj. not harmonious; conflicting.
Discredit
V. Defame; destroy confidence in; disbelieve.
Discrepancy
N. Lack of consistency; difference.
Discrete
Adj. Separate; unconnected.
Disingenuous
Adj. Not naive; sophisticated.
Disinterested
Adj. Unprejudiced
Disjointed
Adj. Disconnected.
Dismiss
V. Eliminate from consideration; reject.
Disparage
V. belittle.
Disparate
Adj. basically different; unrelated.
Dissemble
V. Disguise; pretend.
Disseminate
V. Distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds).
Dissolution
N. Disintegration; Looseness in morals.
Dissonance
N. discord; opposite of harmony.
Distend
V. Expand; Swell out.
Distill
V. purifyl refine; concentrate.
Diverge
V. Vary; go in different directions from the same point.
Divest
V. Strip; deprive.
Document
V. provide written evidence.
Dogmatic
Adj. Opinionated; Arbitrary; Doctrinal.
Dormant
Adj. Sleeping; lethargic; latent.
Dupe
N. Someone easily fooled.
Ebullient
Adj. Showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm.
Eclectic
Adj, Selective; composed of elements drawn from desperate sources,
Efficacy
N. Power to produce desired effect.
Effrontery
N. Shameless boldness.
Elegy
N. Poem or song expressing lamentation.
Elicit
V. Draw out by discussion.
Embellish
V. Adorn; Ornament; Enhance, as a story.
Empirical
Adj. Based on experience.
Emulate
V. Imitate; rival
Endemic
Adj. Prevail among a specific group of people or in a specific area of the country.
Enervate
V. weaken.
Engender
V. Cause; produce.
Enhance
V. Increase ; improve.
Ephemeral
Adj. Short-lived; fleeting.
Equanimity
N. Calmness of temperament; composure.
Equivocate
V. Lie; Mislead; attempt to conceal the truth.
Erudite
Adj. Learned; Scholarly.
Esoteric
Adj. Hard to understand; known only to the chosen few.
Eulogy
N. Expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone's death.
Euphemism
N. Mild expression in place of an unpleasant one.
Exacerbate
V. Worsen; Embitter
Exculpate
V. Clear from Blame.
Exigency
N. Urgent situation
Extrapolation
N. Projection; conjecture.
Facetious
Adj. Joking (often inappropriately); humorous.
Facilitate
V. Help bring about; Make less difficult.
Fallacious
Adj. false; misleading.
Fatuous
Adj. foolish; inane.
Fawning
Adj. courting favor by cringing and flattering.
Felicitous
Adj. Apt; Suitably expressed; well chosen.
Fervor
N. glowing ardor; intensity of feeling.
Flag
V. droop; grow feeble.
Fledgling
Adj. Inexperienced.
Flout
V. reject; mock.
Foment
V. Stir up; instigate.
Forstall
V. prevent by taking action in advance.
Frugality
N. Thrift; economy.
Futile
Adj. Useless; hopeless; ineffectual.
Gainsay
V. Deny.
Garrulous
Adj. Loquacious; wordy; talkative.
Goad
V. Urge on
Gouge
V. Overcharge.
Grandiloquent
Adj. Pompous; bombastic; using high-sounding language.
Gregarious
Adj. Sociable.
Guileless
Adj. without deceit.
Gullible
Adj. easily deceived.
Harangue
N. Long, passionate, and vehement speech.
Homogeneous
Adj. of the same kind.
Hyperbole
N. Exaggeration; Overstatement.
Iconoclastic
Adj. Attacking cherished traditions.
Idolatry
N. Worship of idols; excessive admiration
Immutable
Adj. unchnageable.
Impair
V. injure; hurt.
Impassive
Adj. without feeling; imperturable; stoical.
impede
V. hinder; block.
Impermeable
Adj. Imprevious; not permitting passage through its substance.
Imperturbable
Adj. Calm; placid.
Imprevious
Adj. Impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed.
Implacable
Adj. Incapable of being pacified.
Implict
Adj. Understood but not stated.
Implode
V. Burst inward.
Inadvertently
Adv. unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly.
Inchoate
Adj. recently begun; redimentary; elementray.
Incongruity
N. Lack of harmony; absurdity.
Inconsequential
Adj. Insignificant; unimportant.
Incorporate
V. Introduce something into a larger whole; combine; unite.
Indeterminate
Adj. uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite.
Indigence
N. poverty.
Indolent
Adj. Lazy.
Inert
Adj. inactive; lacking power to move.
Ingenuous
Adj. naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated.
Inherent
Adj. Firmly established by nature or habit.
Innocuous
Adj. harmless.
Insensible
Adj. Unconscious; unresponsive.
Insinuate
V. Hint; imply; creep in.
Insipid
Adj. Lacking in flavor; dull.
Insularity
N. Narrow-mindedness; Isolation.
Intractable
Adj. Unruly; stubborn; unyielding.
Intransigence
N. Refusal of any compromise; stubbornness.
Inundate
V. Overwhelm; flood; submerge.
Inured
Adj. Accustomed; hardended.
Invective
N. abuse.
Irascible
Adj. Irritable; easily angered.
Irresolute
Adj. uncertain how to act; weak.
Itinerary
N. Plan of a trip.

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