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Glossary of BJUP American Republic Chapter 23 - WWI

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Triple Alliance
Germany
Austria-Hungary
Italy
Triple Entente
Britain
France
Russia
Central Powers
Germany
Austria-Hungary
Bulgaria
Turkey
Allied Powers
Britain
France
Russia
Italy (1915)
United States (1917)
unrestricted submarine warfare
Germany fired on all ships in a designated war zone around Britain.
Lusitania
May, 1915
British liner sunk without warning off the coast of Ireland by Germans.
convoy system
US ships traveled to Europe with supplies. Naval destroyers with antisubmarine guns escorted them.
War Industries Board
Organized the industrial production needed. Factories transformed.
War Labor Policies Board
To keep costs & wages under control & to regulate laborers.
American Expeditionary Force
American troops who joined the European fighting force starting Fall of 1917.
doughboys
Nickname for American troops
John Pershing
General who commanded AEF starting Spring 1918.
Ferdinand Foch
Frenchman who served as Supreme Allied Commander over General Pershing.
Vladimir Lenin
Led Communist Revolution to overthrow Czar in 1917.
Armistice Day
Nov. 11, 1918 when Germany signed agreement to stop fighting.
Fourteen Points
Woodrow Wilson's set of guidelines to rebuild European peace. Announced in Jan. 1918.
League of Nations
Organization of cooperating nations that could talk over problems & settle them peacefully.
reparations
payment for damages by the losers
Big Four at Paris Peace Conference (1/18/1919)
Georges Clemenceau - France
David Lloyd George - Britain
Vittorio Orlando - Italy
Woodrow Wilson - U.S.
Treaty of Versailles
June 28, 1919

Not signed by U.S.
June 28, 1914
Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo.
April 6, 1917
America officially entered the war.

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