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Glossary of BIO CH.8 FLASHCARDS

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Nutrients
Substances that that provide the energy and materials needed for metabolic processes
Nutrition
Process by which orgainisms get food and break it down so that it can be used for metabolism
Minerals
Chemical elements that orgainisms need for normal functioning
Vitamins
coenzymes that are converted into the cells of an orgainism
Autotroph
Orgainism that makes their own food
Heterotroph
Orgainism that can not make their own food
Calorie
unit of measure commonly used in the energy content of food
Fiber
made of cellulose and other and other indigestible materials found in the cell walls of fruits, vegtables, and grains
Absorption
process needed in order to use nutrients in cells
Digestion
process by which food molecules are broken down into small particles
Acessory glands
liver and pancreas
Salivary amylase
enzyme in salivia which helps in the breakdown of food
Peristalsis
the movement of food down the esophagus
Small intestine
organ that helps in the digestion process of food, where juices are diatributed to help in the break down process
Lare intestine
organ that absorbs nutrients and water from food

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