Glossary of Assessment 2
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- What is the normal ratio of the anteroposterior to lateral diameter of the chest?
- You are inspecting for clubbing. Describe clubbing.
- Bulbous appearance of distal phalanges.
- Out of the four choices which sound is normally heard over the peripheral lung fields? Tracheal, Bronchial, Bronchovesicular, or Vesicular?
- What pulmonary function test reflects the amount of air in the lungs after maximal expiration? Forced vital capacity, Forced expiratory volume in 1 sec, Residual volume or total lung capacity?
- Residual volume
- Pt. has difficulty breathing when lying in a supine position and must sit upright in order to breathe more comfortably. The pt. condition would be correctly termed as:
- When an individual smokes tobacco, he/she depresses a vital mechanism that assists the body in maintaining a patent airway. This mechanism is cough reflex, ciliary movement, adequate mucous secretion, or gag reflex?
- Ciliary movement
- Crackles are abnormal lung sounds caused by?
- Air suddenly flowing through previously collapsed airways.
- In normal respiratory function, the major stimulus for ventilation is?
- Arterial Co2 partial pressure
- The optimal position for a client undergoing a thoracentesis is?
- Sitting on the side of bed with chest supported
- Define bronchoscopy.
- Insertion of a lighted scope through the trachea for examination of lung structures.
- This must be done after any invasive procedure involving the thorax.
- Chest x-ray
- This measures oxygenation and ventilation status.
- arterial blood gases
- Removal of fluid from pleural cavity for diagnostic or therapeutic reasons is known as?
- This is used to identify areas of lung not receiving airflow or bloodflow.
- lung scan
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