Glossary of Art History Vocabulary

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half human, half animal in many ancient belief systems
a rule of proportion for example used in Egyptian art, all the figures were drawn by the rule
combination of profile and frontal views on a figure
overlapping courses of material to create project, like in The Lion Gate
a circle of standing stones, used in Stonehenge
cyclopean wall
walls built by Myceneans, Greeks used this word because the didn't think that humans made them
upright stones with a cap stone, they were tombs originally
a wall painting with fresh plaster where water pigments are painted on top then seep in making it permanent as the wall
culture of the greek mainland during the ancient aegean period
greek term (hypo meaning under - style meaning column) referring to any building supported by columns like in the temple of amen re
resembles a person, but that is flawless and ageless, many of the egyptian statues were presented this way to emphasis their power and eternal reign
Palace of Knossos, mythological story about a Minoutaur
sedimentary rock most common stone in building, soft and easy to cut, it's everywhere and abundant used in most ancient buildings including the pyramids
the land between the rivers (tigris and the euphrates) Modern day Iraq Site of the earliest civilizations
naturalistic vs. abstract
- an image represented as the viewer sees it in reality
-simplification or distortion of an image
new stone age
agriculture starts
civilization starts
domestication of animals
animal husbandry
a situation where you have an older image under a newer one and you can still see the old one
where something comes from
pylon temple
New Kingdom, most common temple til the end of Egyptian History ex. Temple of Amen-Re
absolute vs. relative chronology
-find something with a date or an event that corresponds with a date; carbon dating
-based on the idea that the further down you dig the older it is, and similar objects are the same age regardless of depth
theocratic socialism
Government ruled by a god, people work for the government and all goods are made for everyone and distributed
volume vs. depth
-appearnce of third dimension on figures and objects
-shows the third dimension on a practically 2-D surface
Something that perpetuates prayer like the Sumerian Statues from Abu Temple

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