Glossary of Art History Vocab
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- A panel, painted or sculpted, situated above and behind an altar.
- A bishop’s church
- A vaulted space under part of a building, wholly or partly underground; in churches, normally the portion under an apse or a chevet.
- Diagonal rib
- One of the ribs that forms the X of a groin vault
- Fan vault
- A vault characteristic of English Perpendicular
Gothic, in which radiating ribs form a fanlike pattern.
- Flamboyant style
- A Late Gothic style of architecture superseding the Rayonnant style and named for the flamelike appearance of its pointed bar tracery.
- Flying buttress
- Consisted typically of an inclined member carried on an arch or a series of arches and a solid buttress to which is transmits lateral thrust.
- Originally a derogatory term named after the Goths, used to describe the history, culture, and art of western Europe in the 12th to 14th centuries.
- In Gothic architecture, a tall narrow window ending in a pointed arch.
- Moralized Bible
- A heavily illustrated Bible, each page pairing paintings of Old and New Testament episodes with explanations of their moral significance.
- A vertical member that divides a window or that separates one window from another.
- Oculus (pl. oculi)
- A small round window in a Gothic cathedral.
- Ogee arch
- An arch made up of two double-curving lines meeting at a point.
- A painted or sculptured representation of the Virgin Mary mourning over the body of the dead Christ.
- In Gothic churches, a sharply pointed ornament capping the piers or flying buttresses; also used on church facades.
- Ornamental stonework for holding stained glass in place, characteristic of Gothic cathedrals. In plate tracery the glass fills only the “punched holes” in the heavy ornamental stonework. In bar tracery, the stained glass windows fill almost the entire opening, and the stonework is unobtrusive.
- A shape or plan in which the parts assume the form of a clover-leaf.
- “radiant” style of Gothic architecture, dominant in the second half of the 13th century and associated with the French royal court of Louis IX at Paris.
- Decorated style
- Gothic style in which piers, walls, and vault elements become increasingly complex and decorative during the 14th century.
- Perpendicular style
- Gothic style that involves pronounced verticality of its decorative details.
- Rose window / rosette
- A circular stained-glass window.
- In a Gothic cathedral, the blind arcaded gallery below the clerestory; occasionally the arcades are filled with stained glass.
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