Glossary of Art History II: midterm review
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- History Painting
- - in European academic theory
- a figurative painting
--of a scene from classical mythology, the Bible, the lives of saints or an historical event
- Allegorical Figure
- A type of artistic symbolism where figures or objects portray abstract entities such as truth or love
- describes art that looks as closely as possible to the appearance of things in the natural world
- Depicts something from the physical world in a stylized,
or symbolic way
- art that does not represent a physical object, person, or scene from the natural world
- A hall or gallery for the exhibition of works of art
- salon des refuses
- exhibition for works that had been submitted and rejected
- a school in which art is taught
- Artists and their work which stand in the forefront of a movement or of new ideas, often in opposition to established ideas and traditions; art that's ahead of its time, innovative, experimental, heterodox.
- The "Pavilion of Realism"
- protest against the salon
-first avant-garde exhibition
- a method of printing
greasy cran on a stone, ink would stick to areas where cran used- could make multiple copies
- A print is a shape or mark made from a block or plate or other object that is covered with wet color (usually ink) and then pressed onto a flat surface, such as paper or textile.
- A painting technique in which importance is placed on contours or outlines. (li'nee-er)
- Creating tonal or shading effects with closely spaced parallel lines.
- Creating tonal or shading effects with closely spaced parallel lines w/ more such lines placed at an angle across them
- the range of colors used in a particular painting or by a particular artist.
- People of the middle class. Most members of this group are executives and professionals.
- "en Plain air"
- "in the open air,"
describes paintings that have been executed outdoors, rather than in the studio.
- the influence of Japanese art on Western, primarily French, artists.
- transformation of Paris from medieval to modern
- major subject in impressionist mov't
- quality of perceptions existing only within the experiencer's mind, but not in reality.
expression of the individuality of an artist.
When applies to color:
color that doesn't neccessarily portray the physical world
- contour lines filled in w/ thick flat color
- use of formal elements to express inner reality
- synthesis of form and color w/ the subject and idea
- technique of using dots
- Neo-Impressionism/ Divisionism
- new impressionists w/ scientific views
- when artist purposefully disforms color,form,light, texture, for desired intensification of emotional reaction
- refers to works by Redon
only used black and white his 1st 20 years; felt more expressionistic
- Naive Painter/ Sunday Painter
- not a professional
painted only when not working/ when could
- Salon des Independents
- juryless exhibition- where anyone could show- became well known but not admired by the public
- colored paper cut out
cut shapes from colored paper then glued to huge pieces of paper
effect: bold and light- hearted; liberating sense
- Woodblock Print
- Der Blaue Reiter
- "The Blue Rider"
a group of german expressionists who felt that art was a search for the spiritual in nature
-they were the first to work non-objectively
- an objects essence more important than its physical attributes
(Der Blau Reiter)
- Biomorphic abstraction
- Paintings referred to as "biomorphic" contain irregular abstract forms based on shapes found in nature.
- Geometric Abstraction
- based on the use of simple geometric forms placed in nonillusionistic space and combined into nonobjective compositions
-evolved as the logical conclusion of the Cubist destruction and reformulation of the established conventions of form and space.
- Monochromatic colors are all the hues (tints and shades) of a single color.
- subject representational but object so abstract that it is hard to identify what it is
(picasso and braque)
- papier colle
- pasted papers
-similar to collage but no 3D, just bits of torn paper
- Trompe L'oeil
- "to fool the eye"
so illusionistic it looks real
- Force Lines
- used by futurists to suggest dynamism
looks like cubism but different b/c futurists fragment space to portray speed and motion
- Overall concern of futurists of representing speed and motion
- technique for showing multiple and simultaneous views in time to create feeling of speed and motion
- industry as progress
- tendancy for avant-garde artists to look to non western cultures for inspiration
- Where and during what time did REALISM occur?
- Where and during what time did IMPRESSIONISM occur?
- Where and during what time did POST_IMPRESSIONISM occur?
- Where and during what time did SYMBOLISM occur?
- Where and during what time did FAUVISM occur?
- mainly France
- Where and during what time did GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM occur?
- Where and during what time did CUBISM occur?
- Where and during what time did FUTURISM occur?
- Which artists were realists?
- Which artists were considered Impressionists?
- Which artists were considered Post-Impressionists?
- Which artists were considered symboists?
- Which artists were considered Fauvists?
- Which artists were considered German Expressionists?
- Which artists were part of Die Brucke?
- Which artists were part of Der Blau Rieter?
- Who was considered the leader of Die Brucke?
- Who was considered the leader of Der Blau Rieter?
- Who were considered analytic post-impressionists?
- describe the analytic post-impressionist style
- intellectual, rational, analytical
-new ways to portray the external
-objective: decorative structure pleasing to the eye
- Who were considered expressionistic post-impressionists?
- -van gogh
- describe the expressionistic post-impressionist style
- -painted internal reality
-subjective element: artist's personal response to subject matter
- What is analytic Cubism?
- Analytic cubists reduced natural forms to their basic geometric parts and then tried to reconcile these essentially 3D parts with the 2D picture plane.
- what was the 1st analytic cubist painting ever made?
"Les Demoiselles d'Avignon"
- What is Synthetic Cubism?
- to take peices to make something; to build up form from various elements
-collage: incorporate other materials
-or painting that looks like a collage
- What was the 1st synthetic cubist painting ever made?
"Still life with chair caning"
- Who is considered to be the first realist artist?
- What is considered to be the first impressionist painting?
- What was the first avant-garde movement?
- Who was the first artist to create completely non- representational paintings?
- Who was associated with the salon des independents?
- Which realist paintings do you need to know for the exam?
"The Third Class Carriage"
"A Burial at Ornans"
- Which Impressionist paintings do you need to know for the exam?
"Moulin de la Galette"
"Hide and Seek"
- Which Post-Impressionist paintings do you need to know for the exam?
"A sunday afternoon on the island of La Grande Jatte"
"Still life w/ a basket of apples"
"Vision After the Sermon (Jacob wrestling the angel)"
"Moulin-Rouge-- La Goulue
- Which symbolist paintings do you need to know for the exam?
"The Sleeping Gypsy"
"The entry of christ into brussels"
- Which fauvist paintings do you need to know for the exam?
"Le Bonheur de vivre (The Joy of Life)"
"Harmony in Red (The Dessert)
- Which Die Brucke paintings do you need to know for the exam?
"The Last Supper"
- Which Der Blau Reiter paintings do you need to know for the exam?
"Sketch for Composition II"
"The Large Blue Horses"
- Which cubist painting do you need to know for the exam?
"Violin and Palette"
- Which synthetic cubist- surrealist inspired painting do you need to know for the exam?
- Which futurist paintings do you need to know for the exam?
"Dynamism of Dog on a Lease (Leash in Motion)"
"Unique forms of continuity of space"
- describes fascination french culture had with near east
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