Glossary of Art History Exam I
Other Decks By This User
- Prehistoric Age (__________)
- c. 2 million BC- c 3300 BC
- paleolithic age (________)
also known as ___________
- c. 40,000 BC - 8000 BC
Old Stone Age
- Upper Paleolithic Age (_____)
also known as _____________
- c. 30,000- 10,000 bc
Late Stone Age
- During what age was it believed to be the beginning of art?
- During Upper Paleolithic
the Late Stone Age
c. 30,000 - 10,000 bc
- What is the defining factor b/w historic and prehistoric?
- A writing system
- How do archeologists figure out how old an artifact is?
- Dating by Association
- by analyzing the level/strata of a person etc., they can come up w/ what was happening there at that time
- What are the 2 types of prehistoric art?
- Cave art
Portible art (why size/scale matters)
- In what year was the "Women from Willendorf" supposedly created?
- c. 22,000 bc
- What are the 2 kinds of analysis?
- 1. Visual/Formal Analysis
2. Contextual Analysis
- How would you describe the people that were alive during the Upper Paleolithic Age? Where did they live
- migrated south to follow animals
- no real evidence they lived in caves
- habitation sites found near some cliffs
- What was the climate like during the upper paleolithic age?
- it was the end of the last of 4 great ice ages
- was starting to warm up
- Describe prehistoric art
- - not utilitarian
- begins to be symmetrical
- Explain the "old theory"
- idea that art in the west proceeds on a linear path becoming better and better through time
- In what year did we start seeing sophisticated sculptures and paintings?
- c. 30,000 bc
- Where was the first cave painting found and what were the assumptions regarding it?
- - found in Altamira Spain
- it was believed at first to be fake b/c was too sophisticated
- In what year was the "Women from Willendorf" believed to have been created?
- c. 22,000 bc
- art that has a surface reality b.c the artists appear to have recorded , w/ greater or lesser accuracy, exactly what they saw
- the transformation of visible forms into patterns that suggest the origional
- when artists represent beauty not as it is but as they think it should be
- Where was the "Women from Willendorf" found?
- near Willendorf, Austria
- What was the woman from willendorf made of?
- How big was the women from willendorf?
- 4 3/8" or 11 cm
- Describe the woman from willendorf sculpture
- -sculptor exaggerated the figure's female attributes- big saggy breasts and belly w/ a deep navel- wide hips butt and thighs
- Could the woman from willendorf be idealized?
- well-nourished body portrays good health-
- which could guarantee longevity and ability to produce strong children for survival of the clan
- The woman from willendorf could be interpreted as ....
- -representation of actual wmn
-expression of ideal beauty
- Would woman from willendorf be described as abstract, naturalistic, idealized...?
- -MORE abstract than naturalistic
--greater essence of idea, less detail
-could have been idealized; we have no way of knowing
- 2% of prehistoric art portrays______________
98% were of __________
- 2% of prehistoric art portrays human beings
98% were of animals
- The Hall of Bulls was created where and in what year?
- Lascaux, France
in c. 15,000 bc
- When was hall of bulls discovered and when and why was it closed to the public?
- discovered in early 1940s
closed in 1960s to protect from heat, humidity, exhaled carbon dioxide etc. caused by all the visitors
- During this time, __________ were drawn abstractly and ________ naturalistically
- humans were drawn more abstractly and animals more naturalistically
- Is hall of bulls more naturalistic or more abstract than the woman from willendorf?
- Hall of Bulls is more naturalistic than the wmn from willendorf
- before c. 3150 bc
when we think egypt was first divided into 2 parts - upper and lower egypt
- Early Dynastic (D 1-2)
- c. 3150 - 2700 bc
- Old Kingdom (D 3-6)
- c. 2700 - 2190 bc
- Middle Kingdom (D 11-12)
- c. 2040-1674 bc
- New Kingdom (D18-29)
- c. 1552-1069 bc
- The Egyptian culture has not changed in 3000 years-- how has such continuity been maintained?
-they had everything they needed
natural cycles-- the sun and the flooding of the nile
- Why was the flooding of the nile so important?
- -cultivated only a narrow peice of land along nile
-couldn't rotate crops so flooding would replenish soil; it brought w/it nutrients from the south
- What were 2 major resources for the egyptians?
- the nile
- describe the majority of egyptian sculpture
- -made of limestone
--choice of materials may support meaning
- When did King Khafre rule?
- During the old kingdom, dynasty 4 c. 2570-2544
You must Login or Register to add cards