Glossary of Art History 2 S05: Baroque and Rococo

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Girl with a Pearl Earring
Oil on Canvas

Raising of the Cross
Oil on Canvas

Charles I in Hunting Dress
Van Dyck
Oil on Canvas

Malle Babbe
Oil on Canvas

Night Watch
Oil on Canvas

Pilgrimage to Cythera
Oil on Canvas
One of the main compositional stengths of Raising of the Cross is that it is based on a __.
True or False: "Rubenesque" is a term that refers to extremely thin female body types.
Judith Leyster was a student of __ whose work was mistakenly attributed to the master for centuries.
Frans Hals
True or False: Frans Hals' brushwork is known for its restraint and meticulous precision.
Anthony Van Dyck was the court painter for England's __.
Charles I.
__ is the term for Van Dyck's newly invented style for the English Court. Briefly describe a main attribute of this style.
Everything is hanging.
Poussin viewed the abduction of the Sabine women as a __ __.
patriotic act.
What was the general intent of paintings of Jesus in the House of Martha and Mary, and how did Vermeer subtly shift his work to change that intent?
He supported the Catholics belief of faith and works saves by making Martha, who is serving not just listening like Mary, visible. Christ is looking at her. This contrasts the Protestant view that Faith not works saves. In most Protestant paintings of this biblical event, Martha is barely visible in the backdrop.
Thomas Hobbes stated that life is __, __, and __.
nasty, brutish, and short
Describe the main difference between the Poussinistes and the Rubenistes in the French Royal Academy.
Rubens-swirling emotional, COLOR
The motto of the French Revolution was __, __, and __
liberty, egalitie, and fraternitie
Philosophe is a French term for a kind of practical intellectual active during the Enlightenment. Name one famous person who exemplified this way of life.
True or False: The term "Picturesque" was used to denote regularity of composition, form, and lighting.
False - actually means ragged/irregular
True or False: Fragonard painted moralistic scenes warning against the dangers of hedonism.
Fragonard's art was out of fashion after the French Revolution of 1789 for what reason?
Because his paintings exemplified Mary Antoinette's ignorance of the reality of the state of the working class. She lived in a different world where pleasure reigned. "Let them eat cake." The French Revolutionists were fighting against the reign of the aristocracy.
Describe one argument in favor of hedonism and one argument against it.
For: You could die tomorrow, so you might as well enjoy today.
Against: You could live for a few more years and hedonism, pleasure in the moment, instant gratification, can be harmful to you in the future or long stretch of things.

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