Glossary of Art Ch 12 -14
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- one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers; pupil of Plato; teacher of Alexander the Great
- St. Francis of Assisi
- an Italian and the Roman Catholic monk who founded the Franciscan order of friars
- was a Dominican priest and, briefly, ruler of Florence, who was known for religious reformation and anti-Renaissance preaching and his book burning and destruction of
- Neoplatonism (also Neo-Platonism) is an ancient school of philosophy beginning in the 3rd century A.D.
- is the spirit of learning that developed at the end of the middle ages with the revival of classical letters and a renewed confidence in the ability of human beings to determine for themselves truth and falsehood.
- the analysis of works of art through the study of the meanings of symbols and the images in the context of the contemporary culture.
- the technique of painting on the plaster surface of a wall or ceiling while it is still damp so that the pigments become fused with the plaster as it dries.
- the subtle gradation of light and shadow used to create the effects of three dimensionality.
- the use of perspective to represent a single object extending back in space at an angle to the picture plane.
- Corinthian Order/Column,Ionic Order/Column, & Doric Order/Column
- one of the architectural systems used by the Greeks and Romans to decorate and define the post-and-lintel system of construction
- triangular feature placed as a decoration over doors and windows.
- the portion of Classical architectural Order above the capital of a column.
- A stance of the human body in which one leg bears the weight, while the other is relaxed, creating an asymmetry in the hip-shoulder axis.
- Latin Cross
- a cross in which the vertical arm is longer than the horizontal arm, though
the mid point of which it passes.
- an architectural diagram showing the exterior (or, less often, interior) surface of a building as if projected onto a vertical plane.
- in basilicas and churches, the long narrow central area used to house the congregation.
- a cross arm in a Christian church, placed at the right the nave.
- Triumphal Arch
- a monumental archway; usually they are built to commemorate some notable victory
- Trompe l’oeil
- illusionistic painting that “deceives the eye” with an appearance of reality
- Private room where painting took place. Hang out spot for artist.
- a definition of form by delicate gradations of light and shadow
- Linear Perspective
- A mathematical system devised during the Renaissance to create the illusion of depth in a two-dimensional image, through the use of straight lines converging towards a vanishing point in the distance.
- Atmosphere Perspective
- a technique for creating the illusion of distance by the use of less distinct contours and a reduction of colors intensity.
- Nude Figures (Italian)
- a monochromatic painting (usually in shades of black and gray to simulate stone
- in oil painting, a layer of translucent paint or varnish, sometimes applied over another color or ground. So that light passing through it is reflected back by the lower surface
- Sacra Conversazione
- refers to a depiction of the Madonna, baby Jesus and saints depicted together and conversing.
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