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Glossary of Art Appreciation 2

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Bierdstadt's picturesque view of the Rocky Mountains combines a representation of an American vista with his:
a. European experience
In the painting Central Mountain, Chinese artist Wu Chen uses landscape elements to express the contradictory principle of _______, which is central to the philosophical tenets of Tao.
c. Yin and Yang
Erna Motna's painting Bushfire and Corroboree Dreaming depicts the preparations for a corroboree, or:
d. a celebration ceremony
Scott Tyler's Proper Way to View the American Flag, features an American Flag on the floor. The U.S. flag, thought to represent freedom, plays an ironic role. What is it?
c. it prevents you from signing the book
To evaluate a work of art properly we must deal with it in the context of:
a. the society that produced it
According to Sayre, what are the three steps in the process of "seeing"?
b. reception, extraction, inference
In The Language of Art, what, according to Nelson Goodman, "selects, rejects, organizes, discriminates, associates, classifies, analyzes, and constructs"?
d. The eye
How is Erna Motna's Bushfire and Corroboree Dreaming similar to Robert Smithson's Spiral Jetty?
c. each uses abstract symbols
Aesthetics is defined as an urge to respond:
to that which we find beautiful
Artists have traditionally made objects or images to satisfy a purely aesthetic function, but many of today's artists make work for a different reason. What is it?
a. To address moral, social or political dilemmas
Jan van Eyck's painting depicts many objects that have symbolic meaning. The use or study of these symbols is called:
b. iconography
When works of art like Kasimir Malevich's Suprematist Painting, Black Rectangle, Blue Triangle shows no reference to the natural world of images, it is usually called:
d. nonrepresentational
The Triumphal Entry page from the Shahnamah manuscript, a sacred text, exemplifies the preference of word over image in _______ art.
d. Islamic
The symbolic hand gestures that refer to specific states of mind or events in the life of Buddha are called:
c. mudras
Naturalistic or figurative art is sometimes used to describe:
a. representational art
To abstract means to extract _______ of an idea or an object.
d. the essence
Lorna Simpson's series The Park is a composition that includes both images and printed words. The text contributes to the prints in a way that makes the viewer more active in the work. What does the viewer become?
d. a voyeur
Carl Andre's sculpture Redan appears to be completely nonobjective. It does, in fact, have a source that can be traced to the real world. What is it?
c. an architectural aspect of fortifications
Why are images of humans traditionally banned in Islamic art?
c. Depicting a human is thought to be competing with the "creator"
In a work of art "content" refers to the:
a. message that is communicated
Kenneth Clark illustrates an _______ reading with his comparison between ancient Greek statues representing a "higher state of civilization than a mask from West Africa."
b. ethnocentric
Salvador Dali's The Persistence of Memory provides the viewer with the illusion of the 3-dimensional world on a 2-dimensional surface in the style of:
a. Surrealism
The paintings De Champaigne's Still Life and Robert Mapplethorpe's Self-Portrait have the same theme. What is it?
b. vanitas
The representation of _______ has consistently aroused controversy throughout the history of the Western world.
b. the Christian god
How are Kane Kwei's coffins uniquely suited to their "inhabitants"?
d. Each coffin resembles an object or idea associated with the diseased
What might have affected Picasso's severe style of representation used in The Women of Avignon?
a. Iberian and Africa masks he saw at museums in Spain
Objects which are intended to stimulate a sense of beauty in the viewer are thought to be _______ rather than functional.
b. aesthetic
______ were meant to remind us of the "frivolous quality" of human existence.
c. Vanitas paintings
One of the most beautiful examples of stained glass serving to elevate the aesthetics of architecture is _______ in Paris.
a. Sainte-Chapelle Cathedral
The artist _______ painted a somewhat subjective portrait of the avant-garde writer Gertrude Stein.
d. Pablo Picasso
Guillermo Gomez-Pena's Temple of Confessions could be defined as ______ art.
d. activist
Who introduced a bill to Congress prohibiting the use of NEA funds for "dissemination, promotion, or production of obscene or indecent materials, or materials denigrating a particular religion?"
c. Jesse Helms
The artist's relation to the public quite often depends upon:
d. what the artist is trying to say
Manet's Dejeuner sur l'herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) was rejected from the annual salon exhibition in Paris in 1863. Where was it exhibited?
b. at the Salon des Refuses
Which artwork was referred to as "an explosion in a shingle factory"?
b. Duchamp's Nude Descending a Staircase
Historically, why has the public received new and innovative work with such reservation?
b. there is little historical context to judge against it
How was Maya Lin's Vietnam War Memorial similar to works by Manet and Duchamp?
d. all were misunderstood by the public
What specific component of the NEA made works of art available to the general public?
c. The Arts in Public Places program
Which sculptor eventually saw his controversial work destroyed?
a. Richard Serra
The "Names Project" is:
d. an AIDS memorial quilt
Alexander Calder's Dots and Dashes is an excellent example of _______ art.
a. kinetic
How is Sol LeWitt's line best described in his work Lines From Four Corners to Points on a Grid?
c. analytical
Hung Liu's paintings, such as Three Fujins, rely on contrasts between two very important elements:
c. carefully drawn structural lines and uncontrolled drip lines
Many kinetic works of art utilize movement to create what type of line?
d. implied line
Lines that seem to be formed by volumes, and indicate movement or three- dimensional shape are called:
b. contour lines
Lines that are suggested but not literally visible are called:
b. implied lines
It has been suggested that "probably no painter explored the expressive qualities of the curve as it relates to the female form" more than:
d. J. A. D. Ingres
Hung Liu studied and was taught to paint with a strict classical line that is associated with:
d. Russian Social Realism
When a style of line becomes associated as an artist's work, we say it is:
a. autographic
Typically of Japanese art, the Kumano Mandala creates the illusion of space by utilizing:
a. oblique projection
In Mantegna's painting The Dead Christ, the artist utilizes the technique of ______ in order to adjust the distortion created by the point of view.
d. foreshortening
In the Rubin Vase, the black shape can only be looked at alternately as a foreground object resembling a vase, or, as a background space between two white profiled faces. What is this relationship called?
d. figure-ground reversal
Although created for different purposes, Barbara Hepworth's Two Figures and the African Feast-Making Spoon share a similar trait. What is it?
b. both works are positive forms that contain negative space
A picture drawn in perspective that employs a single point of vision is called:
b. one-point perspective
Why is the "stereoscope" such an effective means of describing "real" space?
d. it mimics binocular vision
The surface of a painting or drawing is called:
b. the picture plane
On axonometric projection, all lines indicating height, width, and depth, remain:
b. parallel
According to Sayre, our notion of space changed abruptly at the beginning of the 20th century with:
d. Einstein's theories
Architect Gae Aluenti converted a railway station into a stunning art museum, filling the ground level of the main room with cubical and rectilinear galleries. How did he change the upper space of the main room?
c. he just maintained it
By the 19th century, the type of perspective used in paintings such as J.M.W. Turner's Rain, Steam and SpeedThe Great Western Railway had come to dominate the thinking of landscape painters. What type is it?
b. aerial or atmospheric perspective
Michelangelo's Head of a Satyr utilizes:
b. cross-hatching
The author describes Chuck Close's painting Stanley as:
a. "layered pointillism"
Charles Searles's painting Filas for Sale uses a color scheme called:
d. polychromatic
One of the chief tools employed by artists of the Renaissance to render the effects of light is:
a. chiaroscuro
In 1905, Albert Munsell came up with a different color wheel from Newton's. Munsell's wheel was based on:
b. five primaries
A color's brightness or dullness is called:
c. intensity or saturation
On the color wheel, blues and greens are usually thought of as:
d. cool colors
On Newton's color wheel, colors that lie directly between a secondary and primary are called:
a. intermediate colors
The range of colors that an artist tends to favor in painting is referred to as the artist's:
c. palette
Artists sometimes choose to paint something in colors that are not "true" to their optical or local colors. When this occurs it is an example of the expressive use of:
a. arbitrary color
Early manuscripts such as the Lindisfarne Gospels were said to be ______ because they were elaborately illustrated and decorated.
d. illuminated
A friend of Monet's described his great paintings of Waterlilies in the Musee de l'Orangerie as demonstrating _______ motion.
a. Brownian
Jackson Pollock's paintings, such as Autumn Rhythm, make reference to the:
c. process of painting
The use of a repetitive motif or design is called:
d. pattern
Because of its application to crafts, folk art, and women's work, _______ is associated with the beautifying of utilitarian objects.
c. decorative pattern
Some works of art are created precisely to give us the illusion or sensation of movement. This style of art is called:
b. Op Art
Which of the following is not a quality of texture?
c. content
In what way can sculpture be considered a "temporal" art form?
b. the spectator moves through time and space to view it
What medium successfully combines the temporal with the spatial arts?
d. film and video
What aspect of television has caused it to become the most realistic of media?
d. all of the above
When an artist deliberately avoids emphasis, we say that it is:
b. afocal
Leonardo da Vinci's Proportions of the Human Figure embodies both:
d. all of the above
What objects form the dominant focal point in David's Oath of the Horatii?
d. swords and outstretched arms
The _______ was made famous by the ancient Greeks as a model of architectural proportion.
d. the golden section
When an artist deals with balance in a composition, an artist or designer is actually dealing with:
b. visual weight
_____ is a term that describes an artist's attempt to draw our eyes to one area of a composition.
c. Emphasis
Repetition often implies monotony, yet it also creates a sense of:
a. unity
When each side of a composition is exactly the same, it is called:
b. symmetrical balance
The dimensions of an object, in relation to some constant, such as the human figure, is called:
b. the scale
Leonardo da Vinci made a drawing, Virgin and Child with St. Anne and Infant St. John, for a fresco of the same title. This type of drawing is called:
b. a cartoon
The early sketches for Raphael's The Alba Madonna reveal:
d. speed and fluidity
Vija Celmin's drawings of the ocean is an example of a highly developed photorealist _______ drawing.
d. pencil
By the end of the 15th century, artists and collectors such as Vasari had come to recognize that drawings could:
d. reveal the artist's genius
Dry media such as metalpoint, chalk and pastel, consist of coloring agents called:
b. pigments
Dry drawing media consists of coloring agents, which are mixed with _______ that hold them together.
a. binders
A popular drawing medium during the Renaissance consisted of a stylus of gold, silver, or other metal, that was dragged across a prepared ground of lead white, bone and water. This process was called:
b. metal point
The artist who felt that a cut line made with scissors could express more feeling than a pencil or charcoal was:
b. Henri Matisse
When ink is diluted with water and applied in broad flat areas, the result is called a:
c. wash
_______, a form of soft carbon discovered in England in 1564, became the medium in one of the most common drawing toolsthe pencil.
d. Graphite
Beverly Buchanan's drawings and sculptures were inspired by:
b. hand built shacks of the rural South
Working with linoleum instead of wood, this artist simplified the engraving process. The artist is:
c. Pablo Picasso
The Japanese print by Utamaro titled The Fickle Type represents what is called _______ or "pictures of the transient world of everyday life."
a. ukiyo-e
Jane Dickson's Stairwell illustrates the _______ printmaking process, which relies for its effect not on line but on tonal areas of light and dark.
d. aquatint
Known for his role in the Pop art movement, Andy Warhol created many art works using this commercial process. What is it?
b. silk-screening
A _________ is an example of relief printmaking.
a. rubber stamp
________ is the process that assures that the colors of a woodcut print will align perfectly.
d. Registration
________ is the process where the printing surface is completely flat.
a. Lithography
Monotype, a process that is unique among the printmaking processes, produces:
c. only one print from the plate
In any type of printmaking, after an initial set of prints is made and the block or plate is destroyed, the set of prints is referred to as:
a. an edition
Before a zinc or copper plate is placed in an acid bath to be etched, it has first been coated with an acid resistant substance called a _________.
a. ground
If an artist pushes the point of a burin across a metal plate, forcing the metal up in slivers in front of the burin, it is an intaglio process called
c. engraving
Which process best describes intaglio printing?
a. The area that prints is below the surface of the plate.

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