Glossary of Art 203 Exam 3
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- Emerged in 19th c. France. Realist artists represented the subject matter of everyday life (especially that which up until then had been considered inappropriate for depiction) in a relatively naturalistic mode
- A late-20th-century art movement tha tsought to capture a fleeting moment, thereby conveying the illusiveness and impermanence of images and conditions
- In the 1880s, four artists influenced by the impressionist movement (Van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Seurat, and Cézanne) examined the properties in expressive qualities of line, pattern, form, and color.
- From the French word fauve, "wild beast." An early-20th-century art movement led by Henri Matisse, for whom color became the formal element most responsible for pictorial coherence and the primary conveyor of meaning
- German Expressionism
- An early-20th-century art movement; German Expressionist works are characterized by gold, vigorous brushwork, emphatic line, and bright color.
- An early-20th-c. art movement that rejected naturalistic depictions, preferring compositions of shapes and forms abstracted from the conventionally perceived world
- An early 20th-c. art movement involving a militant group of Italian poets, painters, and sculptors. These artists published numerous manifestos declaring revoliution in art against all traditional tastes, values, and styles and championing the modern age of steel and speed and the cleansing virtues of violence and war
- Dada Movement
- An art movement prompted by a revulsion against the horror of World War I. Dada embraced political anarchy, the irrational, and the intuitive, and the art produced by the Dadaists was characterized by a disdain for convention, often enlivened by humor or whimsy
- A successor to Dada, Suyrrealism incorporated the improvisational nature of its predessor into its exploration of the ways to express in art the world of dreams and the unconscious.
- Highly-competitive annual exhibitions in France in the 19th century, often rejected modernist art
- Social Realism and Regionalism
- Representational style- general interest in defining American Style
- Abstract Expressionism
- Also known as the New York School. The first major movement, Abstract Expressionism emerged in New York City in the 1940s. The artists produced abstract paintings that expressed their state of mind and were intended to strike emotional chords in viewers.
- A movement in wetern art that developed in the second half of the 19th century and sought ot capture the images and sisibilities of the age. Involves the artist's critical examination of the premises of art itself.
- a printmaking technique in which images are printed from a flat stone
- Salon des Refuses
- In 1863, Napolean III established Salon of the rejected to show all of the works the academy's jury had not accepted for exhibition in the regualar Salon.
- "en plein air"
- "in the open air", and is particularly used to describe the act of painting in the outside environment rather than indoors
- Baron Georges Eugene Haussmann (1809-1892) was appointed by Napoleon III on June 22, 1853 to "modernize" Paris. In this way, Napoleon III hoped to better control the flow of traffic, encourage economic growth, and make the city "revolution-proof" by making it harder to build barricades.
- Expressive Approach
- Van Gogh and Gauguin focused their artistic efforts on exploring the expressive capabilities of formal elements
- analytical approach
- Seurat and Cezanne were more analytical in orientation
- A systemof painting devised by the 19th-century French painter Georges Seurat. the artist separates color into its component parts nad then applies the component colors to the canvas in tiny dots.
- Eintein's Theory of Relativity
- Time and space are not necessarily fixed
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