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Glossary of Applied Pharmacology of Local Anesthetics

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procaine: ester or amide
ester
chlorprocaine: ester or amide
ester
tetracaine: ester or amide
ester
cocaine: ester or amide
ester
benzocaine: ester or amide
ester
prilocaine: ester or amide
amide
mepivacaine: ester or amide
amide
lidocaine: ester or amide
amide
bupivicaine: ester or amide
amide
chirocaine: ester or amide
amide
ropivicaine: ester or amide
amide
etidocaine: ester or amide
amide
Local anesthetics metabolized by plasma hydrolases
esters
Local anesthetics metabolized by liver enzymes
amides
Cocaine Metabolism
hydrolysis by serum esterases relatively slowly
Benzocaine route of admin
only topical
benzocaine duration
stupid short, 5-10 min
cocaine structure
amino ester
benzocaine structure
aminoester (water insoluble)
lidocaine structure
aminoester
formulation type of local anesthetic used for neuroaxial and nerve blocks
preservative free

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