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Glossary of Apologia Biology Ed.2 Module 4

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A hypha that is not imbedded in the material upon which the fungus grows (102)
Aerial Hypha
(an tie bye ah' tik) A chemical secreted by a living organism that kills or reduces the reproduction rates of other organisms (119)
Antibiotic
(ky' tin) A chemical that provides both toughness and flexibility (103)
Chitin
Digestion that takes place outside the cell (100)
Extracellular Digestion
The anaerobic (without oxygen) breakdown of sugars into alcohol, carbon dioxide and lactic acid (112)
Fermentation
A hypha of a parasitic fungus which enters the host's cells, absorbing nutrition directly from the cytoplasm (102)
Haustorium
(hi' fuh) Filament offungal cells (100)
Hypha
A thin covering of tissue (107)
Membrane
(my sell' ee uhm) The part of the fungus responsible for extracellular digestion and absorption of the digested food (100)
Mycelium
A hypha that is imbedded int he material on which the fungus grows (101)
Rhizoid hypha
(spor' o for) Specialized aerial hypha that asexually reproduces spores (102)
Sporophore
(sto' lun) An erial hypha that sexually reproduces to make more filaments (102)
Stolon
(zie go' spor) A zygote surrounded by a hard, protetie covering (115)
Zygospore
(zie goht) The result of sexual reproduction when each parent sontributes half of the DNA necessary for the offspring (115)
Zygote

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