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Glossary of Apologia Biology 2 Ed. Module 3

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A substance made of sugars. It is common in the cell walls of many organisms (86)
Cellulose
(klor' oh fill)
A pigment necessary for photosynthesis (76)
Chlorophyll
(klor' oh plast)
An organelle containing chlorophyll for photosynthesis (76)
Chloroplast
(sil' ee uh)
Numerous short extensions of the plasma membrane used for locomotion (78)
Cilia
(ek' toh plas uhm)
The thin, watery cytoplasm near plasma membrane of some cells (73)
Ectoplasm
(en' do plas uhm)
The dense cytoplasm found in the interior of many cells (73)
Endoplasm
A light-sensitive region in certain protozoa (76)
Eyespot
(flah' gel ate)
A protozoan that propels itself with a flagellum (75)
Flagellate
A special structure used by an organism to anchor itself (89)
Holdfast
(new' clee us)
The region of eukaryotic cell which contains DNA (72)
Nucleus
(pel' ick ul)
A firm, flexible coating outside the plasma membrane (76)
Pellicle
(fye to plank' ton)
Tiny, floating photosynthetic organisms, primarily algae (85)
Phytoplankton
(plank' ton)
Tiny organisms that float in the water (85)
Plankton
(soo' doe pod)
A temporary, foot-like extension of a cell, used for locomotion or engulfing food (72)
Pseudopod
A colony that uses holdfasts to anchor itself to an object (89)
Sessile Colony
A reproductive cell with a hard, protective coating (80)
Spore
(sim by oh' sis)
Two or more organisms of different species living together so that each benefits from the other (78)
Symbiosis
The body of a plant-like organism that is not divided into leaves, roots, or stems (86)
Thallus
(vac' you ol)
A membrane bound "sac" within a cell (72)
Vacuole
(zoo plank' ton)
Tiny floating organisms that are either small animals or protozoa (85)
Zooplankton

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