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Glossary of Apologia Biology: Module 3

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flagellate
a prozoan that propels itself w/ flagellum
pellicle
a firm, flexible coating outside the plasma membrane
chloroplast
an organelle containing chlorophyll for photosynthesis
chlorophyll
a pigment necessary for photosynthesis
eyespot
light sensitive region in certain protozoa
symbiosis
a close relationship between two or more organisms of different species where @ least one benefits
mutalism
a relationship between two organisms of different species where all benefit from association
commensalisms
a relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits & other is neither harmed nor benefited
parasitism
a relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits & other is harmed
cilia
hairlike projections that extend from plasma membrane & are used for locomotion
spore
a reproductive cell w/ a hard protective coating
plankton
tiny organisms that float in the water
zooplankton
tiny floating organisms that are either small animals or protozoa
phytoplankton
tiny floating photosynthetic organisms, primarily algae
pseudopod
a temporary, foot-like extension of a cell, used for locomotion or engulfing food
nucleus
region of an eukaryotic cell that contains the cells main DNA
thallus
the body of plant-like organism that isn't divided into leaves, roots, or stems
vacuole
membrane-bounded "sac" within a cell
food vacuole
holds & stores food while being dijested
ectoplasm
thin, watery cytoplasm near plasma membrane of some cells
algal bloom
when algae reproduce quickly & make water around them same color as they are
contractile vacuole
regulates amount of water in cell
endoplasm
the dense cytoplasm found in interior of many cells
green algae
algae w/ chlorophyll
cellulose
a substance made of sugars that is common in cell walls of many organisms
holdfast
a special structure used by an organism to anchor itself
sessile colony
a colony that uses holdfast to anchor itself to an object
dinoflagellates
single-celled creature w/ two flagella
red tide
bloom w/ reddish- brown algae
Phylum Sacrodina (sub kingdom protozoa)
amoeba,
pseudopods
Phylum Mastigophora (sub kingdom protozoa)
euglena,
flagellum
Phylum Sporzoa (sub kingdom protozoa)
plasmodium,
none
Phylum Ciliophora (sub kingdom protozoa)
paramecium,
cilia
Phylum Chlorophyta (sub kingdom algae)
cosmarium,
fresh water,
single celled,
cellulose
Phylum Chrysophyta (sub kingdom algae)
diatoms,
marine or fresh water,
single cell, some colonies,
silicon dioxide
Phylum Pyrrophyta (sub kingdom algae)
peridinium,
marine,
single cells,
cellulose or atypical
Phylum Phaeophyta (sub kingdom algae)
macrocystis,
cold marine water,
multiple cells,
cellulose or alginic acid
Phylum Rhodophyta (sub kingdom algae)
corallina,
warm marine water,
multiple cells,
cellulose

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