Glossary of Apolgia Defintions for Module 1 of Biology
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- the sum total of all processes in an organism which convert energy and matter from outside sources and use that energy and matter to sustain the organism's life functions.
- the sum total of all processes in an organism which use energy and simple chemical building blocks to produce large chemicals and structures necessary for life
- The sum total of all processes in an organism which break down chemicals to produce energy and chemical building blocks.
- The process by which green plants and some other organisms use the energy of sunlight and simple chemicals to produce their own food.
- Organisms that eat only plants.
- Organisms that eat only other organisms.
- Organisms that eat both plants and other organisms.
- Organisms that produce their own food.
- Organisms that eat living producers and/or other consumers for food.
- Organims that break down the dead remains of other organisms.
- Organisms that are able to make their own food.
- Organisms that depend on other organisms for their food.
- Special stuctures
- Asexual reproduction
- reproduction accomplished by a single organism.
- Sexual reproduction
- Reproduction that requires two organisms.
- The process by which physical and biological characteristics are transmitted from the parent (or parents) to the offspring.
- an abrubt and marked change in the DNA of an organism compared to that of its parents.
- An educated guess that attempts to explain an observation or answer a queestion.
- A hypothesis that has been tested by and is consistant with a significant amount of data.
- Scientific Law
- A theory that has been tested b and is consistant with generations of data.
- Living creatures that are toos small to see with the naked eye.
- The idea that long ago, very life forms spontaneously appeared through chemical reactions.
- Prokaryotic cells
- A cell that has no didtinct, membrane-bounded organelles.
- Eukaryotic cells
- A cell with didtinct, membrane-bounded organelles.
- a unit of one or more populations of individuals that can reproduce under normal conditions, produce fertile offspring, and are reproductively isolated from other such units.
- The science of classifying organisms.
- Binomial nomenclature
- Naming an organism with its genus and species name.
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