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Glossary of Antimicrobials

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1st line for Chlamydia
Tetracycline
2nd line for Chlamydia or 1st line for pregnancy/nursing
Macrolide
Azithromycin
Erythromycin
1st line for Rickettsial species
Tetracycline
2nd line for Rickettsial species
Chloramphenicol
1st line for Listeria
Ampicillin + Gentamicin
2nd line for Listeria
Vancomycin + gentamicin
1st line for Legionella
Macrolide
Erthyromycin
2nd line for Legionella
Tetracycline
if severe - Rifampin
1st line for Clostridium difficile (pseudomembranous colitis)
Metronidazole
2nd line for Clostridium difficile
Vancoymycin (oral/IV)
1st line for MAC
Clarithromycin + ethambutol +- Rifampin
2nd line for MAC
ciprofloxacin
Amikacin
1st line pseudomonas aeruginosa
penicillin + aminoglycoside
2nd line pseudomonas aeruginosa
Ceftazidime
Ciprofloxacine
1st line Bacteriodes fragilis
metronidazole - Flagyl
clindamycin
2nd line Bacteroides fragilis
Imipenem
1st line Mycoplasma pneumonia
Azithromycin
macrolide
2nd line Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Tetracycline
1st line Haemophilus influenzae
aminopenicillin
2nd line Haemophilus influenzae
Cefuroxime
3rd gen. cephalo
Chloramphenicol
1st line enterobacteriaceae - urine
TMP-SMZ
2nd line Enterobacteriaceae - urine
Cipro
gentamicin
1st line Bordetella pertussis
erythromycin
2nd line Bordetella pertussis
TMP-SMZ
1st line Streptococcus
Penicillin
2nd line Streptococcus
1st gen cephalo
Erythromycin
Clindamycin
Vancomycin
1st line Enterococcus
penicillin
or
ampicillin + gentamycin
2nd line enterococcus
vancomycin + gentamicin
1st line Staphylococcus
ampicillin
Amoxicillin
Augmentin
2nd line Staphylococcus
1st gen cephalo
vancomycin
1st line Neisseria meningitidis
penicillin
2nd line Neisseria meningitidis
chloramphenicol
3rd gen cephalo
1st line Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Cefixime
2nd line Neisseria gonorrhoeae
cirpo
3rd gen cephalo

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