Glossary of Animal Health 6
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- What are the core vaccines for felines?
- What are the non-core vaccines for felines?
- -FeLV (Feline Leukemia Virus)
-FIV (Feline Immunodeficiency virus)
-FIP (Feline Infectious Peritonitis
- What is the purpose of having core and non-core vaccines?
- -Core vaccines are recommended for all cats where-as non-core vaccines are optional. This lowers the incidence of vaccine associated fibrosarcomas which are +/- 30% fatal.
- What is the etiology of feline respiratory disease (4)?
- -Feline Rhinotracheitis Virus (FRV), feline herpesvirus
-Feline Calicivirus (FCV)
- What are four pathogenesis traits?
- -feline herpesvirus and calicivirus account for about 80% of respiratory disease
-shed in ovular, nasal, and pharyngeal secretions
-direct contact, fomites
- What are two carrier states of feline respiratory disease?
- -both FRV and FCV have persistently infected carriers/shedders that maintain infection in groups of cats
-theswe shedders may or may not be clinically ill
- What are 7 clinical signs of FRV?
- -begins with intermittent sneezing that becomes paroxysmal
-ocular and nasal discharge
- What are the clinical signs of FCV (5)?
- *Signs generally more variable and less severe:
- What therapy is given to prevent feline respiratoy disease?
How can this be prevented?
-antibiotics (tetracycline and amoxacillin)
- How can you diagnose feline respiratory disease?
- -history and physical exam
- What are two types of feline viral neoplasia?
- What is the etiology of feline leukemia virus ?
- What are 5 ways of pathogenesis in FeLV?
- -most prevalent cause of severe illness and death in cats
-transmission primarily via saliva and respiratory secretions
-continuous viral shedding by viremic cats
-virus dies in 24 hours in environment
-easily killed by heat, drying, soaps, and disinfectants
-virus goes to bone marrow to infect hematopoeitic precursor cells
- What are three general signs of FeLV?
- -neoplastic disease
-bone marrow suppression syndromes
- -How can you diagnose FeLV?
- -clinical signs
-laboratory using immunofluorescence, virus isolation, in-house testing
- How do you treat a can with FeLV?
- -chemotherapy which has only a 5 month remission span
- How can you prevent FeLV?
- -vaccinate in negative cats only
*vaccine may not be completely effective
- What is the persentage rate of contraction of FeLV?
- -10-15% chance if exposed to a FeLV+ cat for more than several months
- What is the etiology of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)?
-subgroup lentivirus (human HIV)
- -What are 4 pathogenesis keys?
- -transmission primarily from the bite of an infected cat
-possible sexual transmission
-transmission to nursing kittens
-causes T cell supression; decreased macrophage activity
- What are the two stages of cinical signs for FIV?
- -initial acute stage
- What happens during the initial acute stage of FIV(3)?
- What occurs during the latent stage of FIV(10)?
-chronic upper respiratory disease
- What are 4 ways to diagnose FIV?
-in house test (combined with FeLV test)
- What therapy can be given for FIV?
How can it be prevented?
- -no listed therapy
-spay/neuter and vaccine will hopefully work
- What is the etiology of Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)?
*Remember Crickets Scare!
-unstable and short lived outside host
- What are three pathogenesis of FIP?
- -infection via ingestion/inhalation (must be close however)
-spread to organs via blood stream
-deposition of Ag/Ab complexes damages blood vessels (allows fluid to leak out into tissues)
- What are five clinical signs of FIP?
- -seen primarily in young cats (3-4years typically)
-acute or gradual onset
-almost always fatal!
- What occurs in the wet form of FIP?
+How about dry form?
- -accumulation of fluid mostly in abdominal cavity
-death in 5-7 weeks
+insidiuous onset of weight loss, depression, anemia, fever
- How can you diagnose FIP?
- -clinical signs
-evaluation of effusive fluid
- What therapy can be given for FIP cats?
How can it be prevented?
- -no therapy, invariably fatal
-no vaccine available
- What is the etiology of Feline Panleukopenia Virus (FPV)?
- -"Feline Distemper"
- What are 4 pathogenesis items of FVP?
- -virus can survive up to one year out of host, fomites
-very resistant and extremely stable
-transmission via direct contact with infected cats or secretions
-virus requires rapidly multiplying cells for successful infection
- Which secretions carry FPV?
- -all secretions
- Where can you find rapidly multiplying cells for FVP to attack?
- What are the clinical signs of FPV?
- -most common are subclinical due to appropriate immune response
-severe illness in young unvaccinated kittens (3-5 months)
-fever (104-107), depression, anorexia, vomiting, dehydration, abdominal pain, weakness, semi-coma
*cats surviving longer than 5 days typically recover over several weeks
- How can you diagnose FPV?
-laboratory using serology and virus isolation
- What therapy is given for FPV?
- -supportive care (fluids, anti-emetics, vitamins, +/- antibiotics)
+recovery from natural infection probably confers lifelong immunity
- When do you test for FeLV?
- -8 weeks of age
- What causes death in healthy FeLV + cats?
- -anemia, infection, tumors
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