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Glossary of Animal Cells (Organelles)

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lysosome
found in cytoplasm; compartment for cellular digestion;
nuclear membrane
protects nucleus
cytoplasm
gel-like substance that holds organelles
plasma membrane
protects cell
mitochondria
converts chemical energy into ATP; in cytoplasm
smooth ER
site for lipid and carb metabolism, and is involved with drug detoxification
rough ER
in cytoplasm; is a primary site for protein synthesis
ribosomes
may be free-floating in cytoplasm or associated with rough ER; makes proteins
nuclear pore
allows information to go in and out of the nucleus
Golgi apparatus
near nucleus or smooth ER; stores, modifies, and packages proteins, makes sure they go to the right destination
vacuoles
smaller in animal cells than in plant cells; stores water and waste

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