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Glossary of Animal Cell Science Grade 6

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lysosome
digest the worn out parts of cell. "clean up" crew. common in animal cells not in plant.
chloroplast
where food is made for plant cell. contain chlorophyll
name 3 organelles that are for plant cells only
chloroplast, cell wall, chlorophyll
nucleus
control center of cell. send chemical messages to other organelles to tell them what to do. most obvious part of cell.
ribosomes
where protein is made. travel on the endoplasmic reticulum
mitochondria
make energy for cell. "power house"
nucleolus
round body found inside nucleous. where ribosomes are made. allow materials to go in and out. responsible for providing cell with unique characteristics
chromosomes
found inside nucleus. thread-like structures that contain DNA and genes.
cell membrane
allow materials to enter and exit the cell. "gatekeeper"
endoplasmic reticulm
move materials around in cell. "railway" system
golgi complex
receive, package, deliver proteins to organelles in cell
vacuole
store water, other materials. bigger in plant cell than animal. "storage"
one thing some animal cells do not have
vacuole
cell wall
shape and support plant cell. non-living
cytoplasm
"jelly-like" substance that holds all the organelles
chlorophyll
green chemical which traps energy from sunlight to produce food for plants
centriole
only found in animal cells. help with cell division.
organelles
name given to all parts of the cell. structures that make up a cell.
cells
basic units of structure and function in living things
living things come from only
living things

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