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Glossary of Anesthetics

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Isoflurane
Not used much today, but standard for comparison
Desflurane
Less soluble than Iso, higher concentrations required

Irritating to airway

Can cause HTN and tachycardia
Less soluble than Isoflurane and may cause HTN and tachycardia
Desflurane
Sevoflurane
Mild odor, solubility between Iso and Desflurane
Nitrous Oxide
Very High MAC
Very low solubility and hemodynamic effects

Inactivates methionine synthase so will depress fetal/marrow if used for 12-24 hrs
Inhibits methionine synthase
Nitrous Oxide (N20)
Inhaled anesthetics effect on BP
decreased at high concentrations
this inhaled anesthetics decreases BP by suppresing cardiac function
halothane
Barbituate used for iv anesthesia
thipental
this iv anesthetics cause pain on injection, myoclonic movements and b locks cortisol and aldosterone synthesis
etomidate
Standard induction drug for gen anesthesia and effective for sedation
propofol
Propofol
Standard induction for general anesthesia
Ketamine
NMDA receptor blocker

analgesia, loss of awareness and hallucination (like PCP)

Stimulates respiration
may cause hallucinations
Ketamine
Stimulates respiration
Ketamine

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