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Glossary of Anatomy of the Brain

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houses the most basic programs of survival
Brainstem
in the brainstem, neurons that affect arousal
Reticular Formation
Controls movement and balance, trained by nervous system, involved in empathy
Cerebellum
controls basic drives and emotions
Limbic System
master regulatory structure. vital function regulator, controls sexual impulses
Hypothalamus
almost all incoming info goes through this before the cortex
Thalamus
new memories and spatial memories
Hippocampus
associates things with an emotion
Amygdala
subcortical structures, crucial for moevement, reward system
Basal Ganglia
source of culture and communication
Cerebral cortex
vision
Occipital Lobe
touch
Parietal Lobe
primary auditory cortex, faces, memory
Temporal
planning and movement
Frontal Lobe
Rational behavior
Prefrontal Cortex
What is the medulla oblogata
is the most inferior part of the brainstem
where does the medulla oblongata blends
into the spinal cord at the level of the forum magnum
what does the medulla and the pons help form
the ventral wall of the fourth ventricle
what is the pons
the bulging brainstem region wedged between the midbrain and the meduula oblongata
the deep protection of the pons run longitually and complete the pathway between where
the higher brain centers and the spinal cord
where is the midbrain located
between the diencephalon and the pons
the cerebellum is located where
dorsal to the pons

how much of the brain mass does the cerebellum exceeds
11%
where does the cerebellum potrude
under the occipital lobes under the hemipheres, from which it is seperated by the transverse cerbral fissure
what is the diecephalon
forming the central central core of the forbrain and surrounded by the cerbral hemispheres
how much of the diecephalon does the thalamus makes up
80%
what is the hypothalamus
it caps the brain stem and forms the inferolateralo walls of the third ventricle
where does the hypothalmus merge from
the midbrain
where does the hypothalmus extends from
the optic chiasma
where does the hypothalamus extend from
the optic chaisma and to the posterior of the mamillary bodies
what is the cerebrum
the thinking part of the brain

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