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Glossary of Anatomy and Physiology Handout ( Naming Muscles)

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Rectus
Parallel to midline
Transverse
Perpendicular to midline
Oblique
Diagonal to midline
Magnus
Large
Major
Larger
Maximus
Largest
Vestus
Huge
Minor
Smaller
Minimus
Smallest
Medius
Intermediate
Deltoid
triangular
Trapezius
Trapezoid
Serratus
Saw-toothed
Rhomboid
Diamond-shaped
Orbicularis
Circular
Pectinate
Comblike
Piriformis
Pear-shaped
Platys
Flat
Quadratus
Square, four-sided
Graciiis
Slender
Flexor
decreases a joint angle
extensor
increases a joint angle
abductor
moves a bone away from the midline
adductor
moves a bone closer to the midline
levator
raises or elevates a body part
depressor
lowers or depresses a body part
supinator
turns palm anteriorly
pronator
turns palm posteriorly
sphincter
decreases the size of an opening
tensor
makes a body part rigid
rotator
rotates a bone around its longitudinal axis
biceps
two origins
triceps
three origins
quadriceps
four origins

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