Glossary of Anatomy Review Intro and Bones

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The Study of Anatomy includes all of the following except

a)Tissues b)cells c)organs d)organisms e)populations
e) Populations
At which level of organization do multiple tisuues form larger structures that perform specific functions?

a)organ system b)cellular c)organism d)organ e)tissue
d) organ
Mature bone cells are termed

a)osteocytes b)chondrocytes c)osteoclasts d)osteoplasts e)osteoblasts
a) osteocytes
Which of the following may occur within a living bone?

a)yellow marrow b)white blood cells c)red blood cells d)red marrow e)all of the above
e) all of the above
Layers of bone are reffered to as
a)lamellae b)central canals c)osteons d)canaliculi e)osteoclasts
The serous membranes that line the inside surface of the thorasic cavity is the

a)viseral pericardium b)parietal pleura c)parietal percardium d)visceral peritoneum e)none of the above
b)parietal pleura
The dorsal cavity contains which of the following?

a)heart b)liver c)intestines d)brain e)both a and b
d) brain
A coronal section is in a plane that

a)divides the body into left and right sections b)divides the body into superior and inferior sections c)divides the body into frontal sections d)is at right angles to the longitudinal axis e)divides the bo
e) divides the body into anterior and posterior sections

*coronal= frontal
In addition to osseous tissue, a typical bone contains

a)smooth muscle tissue (in blood vessel walls) b)other connective tissues c)neural tissue d) all of the above e) none of the above
d) all of the above
All of the following statements apply to a living vbone except:

a) It may have both compact and spongy regions b)It is essentially inert, hard, and dry throughout c)It contains openings for nutrient blood vessels d)It can undergo remodeling du
b)It is essentially inert, dry, and dry throughout
Ossification of flat bones is called

a)intramembranous b)intrachondral c)synovial d)symphyseal e)none of the above
a) intramembranous
A long bone increases in length until

a)the body is out of calcium b) death, the bone grows as long as we are alive c)the epiphyseal cartilage becomes ossified d)appositional growth starts e)expansion of the secondary ossification centers ends
c)the epiphyseal cartilage becomes ossified
Endochondral ossification begins with

a)hyaline cartilage b)elastic cartilage c)articular cartilage d)fibrocartilage e)none of the above
a)hyaline cartilage
Which is not a function of the skeletal system?

a)formation of blood cells b)support of the body c)maintenance of the interstitial fluid composition d)storage of minerals e)provision of levers for muscle action
c) maintenance of interstial fluid
The divisions of the skeletal system include (the)

a)axial & apendicular b)dorsal & ventral c)proximal & distal d)cranial, caudal, & anterior e)none of the above
a) axial & apendicular
The parietal, temporal,frontal,and occipital bones are part of (the)

a)skull b)cranium c)facial bones d)axial skeleton e)none of the above
b) cranium

(also d axial skeleton)
Which of teh following bones contain cribiform foramina

a)maxilla b)zygomatic c)frontal d)spehoid e)ethmoid
e) ethmoid
The structure that houses the pituitary gland is called the

a)lesser wing b)crista galli c)sella turica d)greater wing e)dorsum sellae
c)sella turcica
Which bone is not part of the skull

a)spehoid b)palatine c)zygomatic d)ethmoid e) hyoid
e) hyoid
Which of the following is true of the foramen magnum

a)it's located between the parietal and occipital bone
b)it's located in the inferior surface of the occiput bones
c)it's the second largest foramen in the cranium d)it allows pas
b) it's located in the inferior surface of the occipital bones
Which of the following features doesn't belong to the mandibular bone

a)hypoglossal canal b)mental foramen c)coronoid process d)mandibular foramen e)mylohyoid line
a)hypoglossal canal (this is located medial and superior to the occipital condyle where the cranial hypoglossal XII nerves run)
The bony structure of the orbit is composed of which of the following

a)zygomatic,nasal, frontal, &sphenoid b)zygomatic,nasal, frontal, shenoid, palatine, lacrimal, & temporal c)ethmoid, sphenoid, frontal, lacrimal, maxilla, zygomatic
c)ethmoid, spenoid, maxilla, palatine, lacrimal, frontal, & zygomatic
Which of the following lists includes only facial bones

a)maxillae, palatines, manible, zygomatic, & lacrimal
b)spenoid, ethmoid,maxillae, & mandible c)inferior chohae, vomer, ethmoid, nasal, lacrimals, & sphenoid d)frontals,
a) maxillae, palatines, mandible, zygomatic, lacrimals
Which of the followingstructures make up the inferior portion of the nasal septum

a)perpendicular plate b)inferior nasal concha c)vomer d)cribiform plate e)n.o.t.a
c) vomer
Paranasal sinuses are located in which of the following bones
1)frontal 2)spenoid 3)ethnoid 4)maxilla 5)nasal bone

a)3,4,5 b)1,3,5 c)1,2,3 d)1,2,3,4 e)1,2,3,4,5
d)frontal,spenoid,ethmoid, maxilla
The vertebral arch enclose

a)the intervertebral foramen b)the foramen spinosum c)the transverse foramen d)the mental foramen e)the vetebral foramen
e) the vertebral foramen
The primary curves of the vertebral column are the

a)cervical,lumbar & sacral b)cervical & thorasic c)thorasic & sacral d)dorsal & ventral e)thorasic & coccygeal
c)thorasic & sacral
The part of the vertebra that transfers weight along the the long axis if the vertebral column is/are

a)vertebral arches b)vetebral body c)transverse process d)vertebral pedicles e)spinous process
b) vertebral body
Which of the vertebra has a transverse foramen

a)cervical b)sacral c)thorasic d)lumbar e)coccygeal
The vertebral arches surround and protect the

a)vertebrea b)cranial nerves c)ribs d)spinal nerves e)spinal cord
e)spinal cord
Which of the following is true of the inferior nasal conchae

a)they form part of the bridge of the nose b)they support the olfactory epithelium c)They are located lateral to the nasal septum d)they are part of the ethmoid bone e)a.o.t.a
c) they are located lateral to the nasal septum
Features of the maxillae include

a)inferior orbital formina b)alveolar processes c)sinuses d)orbital rims e)a.o.t.a
e) all of the above
Which of the following structures can most easily be felt on the dorsum

a)spinous process b)intervertebral disk c)transverse process d)body e)pedicle
a) spinous process
The dens is part of teh

a)vetebra prominens B0anticlinal vertebra c)axis d)atlas e)thorasic vertebra
c) axis
The true ribs

a)consist of 12 pair b)attatch to the sternum by seperate cartilaginous extensions c)are the only ribs that are unpaired d)attach oly to the vertebral column e)A & D
b) attach to the sternum by seperate cartiliginous extensions
The most inferior portion of the sternum is called the

a)sternal groove b)manubrium c)xiphoid process d)sternal angle e)body
c) xiphoid process
The mastoid processes are part of what bone

a)occipital b)temporal c)zygomatic d)maxilla e)sphenoid
b) temporal
Which of the following bones bear teeth

a)maxillae b) mandible c)palatine d)a.o.t.a e)A&B only
e) maxillae and mandible only
The pelvis girdle consists of

a)the illium, ischium, & pubis b)the ala, ilium, & femur
c) the acetabulum, femoral head, & pubis d)ossa coxae & sacrum e)A, B, & sacrum
a) illium, ischium, & pubis
The pectoral girdle consists of the

a)clavicle, scapula, & sternum b)scap &humerous c)clavicle scap, & humerous d)clavicle & scap e)clavicle and humerous
d) clavicle and scap
Which of teh following is not a structure of the scapula

a)glenoid cavity b)supraspinous fossa c)superior angle d)spine e)olecranon
e) olecranon (is on the inferior humerous)
MOst of the anterior surface of the scap is formed by the

a)glenoid cavity b)coracoid process c)scapulahumoral joint d)supraspinous fossa e)subscapular fossa
e) subscapular fossa
The socket that recieves the head of the femur is

a)sciatic notch b)glenoid cavity c)popliteal fossa d)cubital fossa e)acetabulum
The pectoral girde meets the axial skeleton where the

a)clavicle attaches to the manubrium b)humerous attaches to the rib cage c)scapula attaches to the ribs d)scapula attaches to the clavicle e)The appendicular skeleton and the axila skeleto
a) clavicle attaches to the manubrium
The only fixed support fo rthe pectoral girdle is the

a)sterun b)scapula c)clavical d)humerous e)n.o.t.a
a) sternum
Jason fractured his pisiform bone in an accident. what part of the body is injued?

a)ankle b)leg c)wrist d)skull e)shoulder
c) wrist
Most bones of the appendicular skeleton develop from

a)fibrous connective tissue b)hyaline cartilage c)the process of intramembrous ossification d)the process of endochodral ossification e)B&D
e) B&D
How many bones are in the upper limb and pectoral girdle

a)206 b)64 c)62 d)126 e)n.o.t.a
b) 64
In th eankle the only tarsal bone that articulates with the leg bones is the

a)medial cuneiform bone b)talus c)navicular bone d)calcaneous e)cuboid bone
b) Talus
A wedding ring is traditionally worn on which bone

a)the distal element of the pollex b) the proximal phalanx of digit fourof the manus c)the third metatarsal d)the second bone at the carpometacarpaal joint e)n.o.t.a
b) the proximal phalanx of digit 4 of the manus

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