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Glossary of Anatomy Quiz 1 Warwick, RI

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Created by JoelleK

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a section that separtes the anterior parts from the posterior part is a________?
coronal
The relationship of the elbow to the hand is ____ ?
proximal
in a human the cervical spine is said to be what to the thoracic spine?
superior
the skin is to be ______ to the muscles
superficial
the little finger is _______ to the thumb
medial
a group of organs working together is a
system
epithelial tissue
protects from abrasion
blood and adipose are examples of ______ tissue
conenctive
haversian systems are found in ______ tissue
bone

the ______ is the shaft of a long bone
diaphysis
the function of an osteoblast is to
form bone
the ___ is responsible for growth in diamter of a long bone
periosteum
the second cervical vertrbra is the
axis
tranverse foreman are charactertic of__ vertrebra
cervical
thoracic vert commonly have transverse demi facets?
true
ribs 1-7 are commonly know as
true
where would you find a saddle joint
thumb
the ___ of the scapula articulates with the head of humerus.
glenoid cavity
a decrease between the angle of a hinge joint
flexion
the capitlulum articulates with the ulna to form the elbow joint
false
how many bones make up the hand?
8 carpals
the tarsal bone which forms the heel is the
calcaneous
when you pronate the forearm the thumb faces
medial
when you dorsiflexing the ankle you are doing what?
you are on your heels
collagen fibers
strength
elastic
stretch
reticular
support
function of a bone
support/movement
protect
produce blood cells
storage
energy



4 major cells
osteoblasts
osteocyte
osteoclast

2 ways to form bone
intramembraneous
endochondial


kyphonic
forward bend - primary
lordotic
secondary - after birth

scoliosis
curve not beloning
lacunae
little lakes
canaliculi
thin tubes connecting luncaue to capilarries
fibrious cartilage
synarthrosis - immovable
cartilaginous cartilage
amphiarthrosis - slightly moveable
synovial cartilage
diarthorsis freely moveable
ectoderm
epidermal layer of skin, brian spinal cord, sensory nerve cells
endoderm
epithelial lining and gland of the gut tube
function of the skin
protection
cushion/insulate
temp regulation





what is the largest organ in the body?
skin makes up 7% of body weight
3 layers of skin
epidermis, dermis and hypodermis
how many layers does the epidermis have?
5
basal
basement layer has 2 cells merkel-sensory and malanocytes - pigment

deepest, cell activity, growth starts

spinosum
middle layer
langerham cells - macrophage-fights infection
kertinocytes - also coloring

granulosum
middle layer
keratohyaline granules - oily area
preformation of keratin
waterproofs the skin


lucidium
middle layer
clear layer of thick dead cells
last response to live tissues

coreneum
superficial
ectoderm
20-30 layers of dead cells

papillary layer
in dermis

20%- LCT

dermal papillae
fingerprints - dermal ridges
reticular layer
80% deeper dense irregular CT

tattoos, scarring and stretch marks occur

hypodermis
deepest
adipose and areolar (LCT)
anchors skin to underlying tissues
insulates and gives shape


hair
flexible dead keratinized cells (strand)
arrector pili muscle
hair stands up "goose bumps"
sebaceous gland
produces oil
sweat gland
blood filtration - 90% water 10% waste
eccrine
true sweat glands - cool down
apocrine
nervous glands
nails
modified epidermis - hard keratin
primary burn
1st degree - doesnt hurt
secondary
most painful - skin graphing can occur here
3rd
consumed- evverything burned - regeneration hurts
4th
muscle is burned
mammary gland
modified sweat glands
basal cell carcinoma
common, best survial rate
malginant
squamous
keratincytes - deeper - in spinosum
melanoma
deadly and dangerous - melanocytes

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