Glossary of Anatomy Physiology BIO-163 Chapters 4-6
Other Decks By This User
- ON a blood smear slide there are RBC, WBC, and tiny cell fragments known as?
- Which type of cartilage makes up the discs found between vertebrae?
- Where is tRNA found?
- The outermost layer of the skin is composed of?
- Stratified squamous
- What types of epithelial tissues are especially known for their secretions? This is what they do most of the time.
- Which cells support nerve cells (neurons)?
- Neuroglial cells
- Where is smooth muscle found?
- Digestive system and other glands.
- Tissue composed of a single layer of cube-shaped cells is called?
- Simple cuboidal
- What type of muscle tissue contain intercalated discs?
- Cardiac muscle
- Dehydrocholesterol is converted into vitamin D by?
- Ultraviolet light
- What type of tissue is the nucleus of the cell pushed up against the cell membrane and not in the middle of the cell?
- Adipose tissue
- ______ are relatively large cells that are usually widely distributed in connective tissue & are usually located near blood vessels, release histamine and serotonin, and SRS-A
- Mast Cell
- What does DNA code for anyway?
- What accessory cells are usually associated with columnar cells?
- Goblet cells
- What is the function of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum?
- Synthesizes lipids
It is a tubular transport system with the cell.
- _______ is the most common kind of resident cell found in connective tissues.
- Simple cuboidal epithelium is found where?
- Pituitary gland
- The outer most, hardened keratinized layer of skin is known as?
- Stratum corneum
- Which sensory receptor responds to heavy pressure?
- Pacinian corpuscles
- Stratified squamous epithelium is found?
- Anal canal
- What is the function of tRNA?
- Binds to and carries amino acids to the messenger RNA.
- The function of epithelial tissue is?
- Cover all surfaces of the body.
- What muscles surround the hair follicle?
- Arrector pili muscle
- Blood cells in the adult are formed in the?
- Red marrow
- What organelles add lipids or carbohydrates to proteins prior to their use by the cell?
- Golgi apparatus
- The function of the canaliculi is to?
- Transfer nutrients from one bone cell to another.
- Where would simple squamous be found?
- What tissue consists of a single layer of thin, flattened, irregular cells that fit tightly together?
- Simple squamous
- What serous membrane encloses the heart, espohagus, trachea, and thymus gland?
- What type of cartilage is found in the ear?
- The outer most layer of skin is known as?
- The process by which glucose is burned within a cell is known as?
- Which is found in DNA but not in RNA?
Uracil is found in RNA
- Meisner's corpuscles are stimulated by?
- Light pressure
- What regions of the brain is most responsible for the maintenance of normal body temperature?
- What is cellular fuel known as?
- Hair is absent on what parts of the body?
Soles of the feet
- What is a function of bone tissue?
- Store adipose tissue
Produce blood cells
Provide support and protection.
- Which type of sweat gland responds to elevated body temperature?
- What is the function of the integumentary system?
Retards water loss
Contains sensory receptors
Secrets waste products
- The function of fibroblast is?
- It produces both yellow and white fibers.
- The neuron cell body is known as the?
- What is the molecule/chemical that actually enters the mitochondria and begins the Kreb's cycle?
- Pyruvic acid
- The active growing region of cells producing the nail plate is called the?
- Which antibody is found attached to the surface of certain lymphocytes?
- The process by which large molecules are broken down into smaller units is known as?
- RNA contains all but which of the following base neucleotides? adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine, uracil
- Which protein is responsible for waterproofing the skin?
- Blood vessels, and nerves are found in which of the following areas within the bone matrix?
- Haversian Canal
- How many molecular bonds can hydrogen form?
- What ways does the body loose heat?
- What is true about skeletal muscles?
- They are controlled voluntarily, are usually found attached to bone, contain striations, contain many nuclei per cell.
- What is the nucleus of an atom composed of?
- Protons & Neutrons
- What describes ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
- Found lining the sinuses.
Is a single layer of cells, with the nuclei of each cell appearing at different levels.
- What is the function of the dendrites?
- Carry impulses to the neuron cell bodies.
- Ciliated pseudostratified columnar tissue is classified as which type of tissue?
- What is another name for the integumentary system?
- Cutaneous membrane
- What is the name of the first step in Cellular Respiration?
- The fallopian tubes contain which type of epithelium?
- Islets of Langerhans
- Cartilage cells are found in chambers known as?
- The region/area of the epidermis where active cellular division is occurring is known as the?
- Stratum germativum
- What type of muscle is involuntary and contains striations?
- The 4 major types of tissue include all but which of the following?
nerve, cartilage, muscle, epithelial
- An RNA molecule consists of how many polynucleotide chains (strands)?
- DNA is different from RNA What are the differences?
- DNA is double stranded & DNA has a deoxyribose sugar.
- Hair extends out of tube-like depressions known as?
- What is true concerning anaerobic respiration?
- It occurs in the cytoplasm of a cell.
- The function of the protein Keratin is?
- It hardens, drys, and waterproofs the outer layers of the skin.
- For every molecule of glucose that is burned, what is the net gain of ATP?
- Oxygen plays a part in the Kreb's cycle at the very last step. What does oxygen do here?
- It is the final electron acceptor and Hydrogen proton acceptor forming water.
- Glands that secrete their products into ducts that open into some internal or external surface are called?
- Exocrine glands
- What tissue forms the inner linings of the urinary bladder, and the passageways of the urinary system?
- Transitional epithelium
- Glucose--->pyruvic acid + coenzyme-a --->_______?
- Which is not a form of energy?
Heat, sunlight, chemical, mechanical, enzymes
- Which is not true concerning enzymes?
Most are proteins, speed up reactions, are usually waste products of cellular metabolism, can be used over and over
- Are usually waste products of cellular metabolism.
- You have the following DNA sequence: AAGCTTCG What is its complimentary sequence of mRNA?
- How many types of amino acid molecules are there in all of nature?
- What is the waste product of cellular respiration?
- Carbon dioxide
- The portion of DNA molecule that contains the information for making a particular protein is?
You must Login or Register to add cards