Glossary of Anatomy Physiology BIO-163 Chapters 4-6

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ON a blood smear slide there are RBC, WBC, and tiny cell fragments known as?
Which type of cartilage makes up the discs found between vertebrae?
Where is tRNA found?
The outermost layer of the skin is composed of?
Stratified squamous
What types of epithelial tissues are especially known for their secretions? This is what they do most of the time.
Which cells support nerve cells (neurons)?
Neuroglial cells
Where is smooth muscle found?
Digestive system and other glands.
Tissue composed of a single layer of cube-shaped cells is called?
Simple cuboidal
What type of muscle tissue contain intercalated discs?
Cardiac muscle
Dehydrocholesterol is converted into vitamin D by?
Ultraviolet light
What type of tissue is the nucleus of the cell pushed up against the cell membrane and not in the middle of the cell?
Adipose tissue
______ are relatively large cells that are usually widely distributed in connective tissue & are usually located near blood vessels, release histamine and serotonin, and SRS-A
Mast Cell
What does DNA code for anyway?
What accessory cells are usually associated with columnar cells?
Goblet cells
What is the function of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum?
Synthesizes lipids

It is a tubular transport system with the cell.
_______ is the most common kind of resident cell found in connective tissues.
Simple cuboidal epithelium is found where?
Pituitary gland
The outer most, hardened keratinized layer of skin is known as?
Stratum corneum
Which sensory receptor responds to heavy pressure?
Pacinian corpuscles
Stratified squamous epithelium is found?
Anal canal
Outer skin
What is the function of tRNA?
Binds to and carries amino acids to the messenger RNA.
The function of epithelial tissue is?
Cover all surfaces of the body.
What muscles surround the hair follicle?
Arrector pili muscle
Blood cells in the adult are formed in the?
Red marrow
What organelles add lipids or carbohydrates to proteins prior to their use by the cell?
Golgi apparatus
The function of the canaliculi is to?
Transfer nutrients from one bone cell to another.
Where would simple squamous be found?
What tissue consists of a single layer of thin, flattened, irregular cells that fit tightly together?
Simple squamous
What serous membrane encloses the heart, espohagus, trachea, and thymus gland?
What type of cartilage is found in the ear?
The outer most layer of skin is known as?
The process by which glucose is burned within a cell is known as?
Which is found in DNA but not in RNA?
Uracil is found in RNA
Meisner's corpuscles are stimulated by?
Light pressure
What regions of the brain is most responsible for the maintenance of normal body temperature?
What is cellular fuel known as?
Hair is absent on what parts of the body?
Soles of the feet
What is a function of bone tissue?
Store adipose tissue
Produce blood cells
Provide support and protection.
Which type of sweat gland responds to elevated body temperature?
What is the function of the integumentary system?
Retards water loss
Contains sensory receptors
Secrets waste products
The function of fibroblast is?
It produces both yellow and white fibers.
The neuron cell body is known as the?
What is the molecule/chemical that actually enters the mitochondria and begins the Kreb's cycle?
Pyruvic acid
The active growing region of cells producing the nail plate is called the?
Which antibody is found attached to the surface of certain lymphocytes?
The process by which large molecules are broken down into smaller units is known as?
RNA contains all but which of the following base neucleotides? adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine, uracil
Which protein is responsible for waterproofing the skin?
Blood vessels, and nerves are found in which of the following areas within the bone matrix?
Haversian Canal
How many molecular bonds can hydrogen form?
What ways does the body loose heat?
What is true about skeletal muscles?
They are controlled voluntarily, are usually found attached to bone, contain striations, contain many nuclei per cell.
What is the nucleus of an atom composed of?
Protons & Neutrons
What describes ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium?
Found lining the sinuses.
Is a single layer of cells, with the nuclei of each cell appearing at different levels.
What is the function of the dendrites?
Carry impulses to the neuron cell bodies.
Ciliated pseudostratified columnar tissue is classified as which type of tissue?
What is another name for the integumentary system?
Cutaneous membrane
What is the name of the first step in Cellular Respiration?
The fallopian tubes contain which type of epithelium?
Islets of Langerhans
Cartilage cells are found in chambers known as?
The region/area of the epidermis where active cellular division is occurring is known as the?
Stratum germativum
What type of muscle is involuntary and contains striations?
The 4 major types of tissue include all but which of the following?
nerve, cartilage, muscle, epithelial
An RNA molecule consists of how many polynucleotide chains (strands)?
DNA is different from RNA What are the differences?
DNA is double stranded & DNA has a deoxyribose sugar.
Hair extends out of tube-like depressions known as?
What is true concerning anaerobic respiration?
It occurs in the cytoplasm of a cell.
The function of the protein Keratin is?
It hardens, drys, and waterproofs the outer layers of the skin.
For every molecule of glucose that is burned, what is the net gain of ATP?
Oxygen plays a part in the Kreb's cycle at the very last step. What does oxygen do here?
It is the final electron acceptor and Hydrogen proton acceptor forming water.
Glands that secrete their products into ducts that open into some internal or external surface are called?
Exocrine glands
What tissue forms the inner linings of the urinary bladder, and the passageways of the urinary system?
Transitional epithelium
Glucose--->pyruvic acid + coenzyme-a --->_______?
Which is not a form of energy?
Heat, sunlight, chemical, mechanical, enzymes
Which is not true concerning enzymes?
Most are proteins, speed up reactions, are usually waste products of cellular metabolism, can be used over and over
Are usually waste products of cellular metabolism.
You have the following DNA sequence: AAGCTTCG What is its complimentary sequence of mRNA?
How many types of amino acid molecules are there in all of nature?
What is the waste product of cellular respiration?
Carbon dioxide
The portion of DNA molecule that contains the information for making a particular protein is?

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