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Glossary of Anatomy M1 T1

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What is different about the anatomical planes of the foot
Right and left sides of foot are reversed compared to rest of body.
Ipsilateral
Same side
Syn. for neural soma
perikaryon
Bipolar and unipolar nerves cells are typical of what family of neurons
Afferent (sensory) nerves
What is the typical shape or form of efferent neurons and interneurons?
Multipolar
Three functional classes of nerves? What group comprises the most neurons?
1) Afferent
2) Efferent
3) Interneuron (most prevalent: makes up 99% of nerves.)
Define Plexus (neuronal).
Mxing of nerve fibers in to new groups.
What is a tract?
Group of axons that travel a distance together.
How many pairs of cranial nerves are there?
12
The spinal nerves consist of ______ pairs.
31
List the cranial nerves by name.
I. Olfactory
II. Optic
III. Occulomotor
IV. Trochlear
V. Trigeminal
VI. Abducens
VII. Facial
VIII. Vestibulocochlear
IX. Glossopharyngeal
X. Vagus
XI. Accessory
XII. Hypoglossal
Associate function with the cranial nerves:

I. Olfactory
II. Optic
III. Occulomotor
IV. Trochlear
V. Trigeminal
VI. Abducens
VII. Facial
VIII. Vestibulocochlear
IX. Glossopharyngeal
X. Vagus
XI
I. Olfactory: Sensory - Smell

II. Optic: Sensory - Vision

III. Occulomotor: Motor - Eye movements
Parasypathetic - constriction of pupil.

IV. Trochlear: Motor - Eye movement

V. Trigeminal: Motor - Muscles of Matication
Sensory - Head and face

VI. Abducens: Motor - Eye

VII. Facial: Motor - facial muscles
Parasympathetic - lacrimal, salivary, and nasal glands.

VIII. Vestibulocochlear: Vestibular Balance
Head postition and movement
Hearing

IX. Glossopharyngeal: Sensory - Taste
Parasym. - Blood pressure

X. Vagus: Motor - larynx, pharynx, and soft palate for swallowing.
Parasym. - gut for gastric secretion and movement
Motor - Slows Heart Rate
Sensory - from thoracic and abdominal viscera

XI. Accessory: Motor - Sternocleidomastoid & Traps

XII. Hypoglossal: Motor - tongue

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