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Glossary of Anatomy Introduction

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What is anatomy?
The study of internal and external structures and the physical relationship between body parts
What does gross anatomy refer to?
structures seen by the naked eye
What are the 5 levels of organization?
organ level tissue, organ level, tissue system, cellular level, and molecular level (99% body)
What is supine and prone and anatomical position?
supine is lying facing up and prone is lying facing down and anatomical is standing everything together palms face foward
Name 10/12 directions?
Anterior, front
Ventral, belly side
Posterior, back
Dorsal, back
Cranial, head
Superior, above
Caudal, tail
Inferior, below
Medial, toward midline longitudinal axis
Lateral, away from midline long. Axis
Proximal, toward on attached base (close to)Distal, away from attached base (farthest from)
What are the 3 sectional planes?
Transverse (above/below), frontal (front/back), and sagital (left/right)
What are the 2 body cavities?
Ventral Body cavity and the Dorsal Body cavity
Ventral Body cavity does what (3)?
provides protection, allows organs movement, lining prevent friction
Dorsal Body cavity does what (2)?
cushions and protects CNS
What does the skeletal system do?
support/protects tissue, storage minerals, and blood formation
How many skeletal systems?
2
What does axial skeleton do?
protects brain, spinal cord, sense organs, soft tissue in chest, supports body weight over legs
Appendicular skeleton?
internal support and positioning of arms and legs, supports/moves axial
What does the muscular system do?
functions in locomotion, support, and heat production
What does kinesiology mean?
"science of movement"
What do the skeletal muscles do?
protects skeletal movement and position and exits/entrances of digestive tract
Biomechanics?
aimed toward fitness and sports medicine and is concerned with internal and external forces of body
What is the purpose of biomechanics?
forces determine how parts of body move during performance of motor skill

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