Glossary of Anatomy Heart Clinical

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Where can one hear the heart valves? (aortic, pulmonary, tricuspid, mitral) - (Hint: "2255' "All Physicians Try Marijuana)
costa cartilage 2,2,5,5,
aortic, pulmonary, tricuspid, mitral
what does right side heart failure result in?
damming up of blood in the venous system, leading to swelling of the liver and the legs (head and neck not so much due to gravity)
what does left side heart failure lead to?
accumulation of blood in lungs, failure of LA to distribute to the LV - congestive heart failure - shortness of breath
what is the SA node supplied by (nerve and artery)?
RCA and the vagus nerve
what is the AV node supplied by? (artery)
Which artery supplies the AV bundles?
RCA: right AV bund, LCA the left AV bundle
What happens if blood supply is hindered to the left AV branch as a result of an occlussion of the LCA?
AV Block --> slower HR
what are the 3 commonest places of coronary occlussion?
AV branch of the LAD, RCA and left circumflex
What is pericardiac tamponade?

What does pericardiac tamponade lead to?

What can be done to remedy this?
the compression of the heart due to fluid in the percardial sac.

decreased venous return --> decreased diastolic capacity

Percardiocentesis: aspriate fluid at the 5th or 6th intercostal space just left of the sternum
What is pericarditis?
inflammation of the parietal serous pericardia... which can be heard
What is an aneurysm of the aorta?

What can this cause?
it is a dilation forming a sac

it can compresses the L. Recurrent Laryngeal nerve leading to horseness and dyspnea and difficulty swallowing

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