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Glossary of Anatomy Chapter 7A: Introduction to the Skeleton

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Skull
"head bones" including the cranium and facial bones
Cranium
"dome" of the head housing the brain
Facial Bones
Inferior bones of the skull, including the mandible
Bony Thorax
Ribs and sternum
Vertebral Column
Bony covering of the spinal cord
Ilium
Lateral "wing" of the pelvis (hip bone)
Ischium
Lower "loop" of the pelvis
Pubis
Central "arch" of the pelvis
Clavicle
collar bone
Scapula
Shoulder blade
Sternum
Breast bone
Ribs
Thin, curving bones forming the protective circumference of the thoracic cavity
Humerus
Main bone of the upper arm
Vertebra
Building block of the vertebral column
Radius
Lateral bone of the forearm (on the "thumb side")
Ulna
Medial bone of the forearm
Carpals
wrist bones
Metacarpals
Bones of the main body of the hand
Phalanges
Finger/toe bones
Femur
Thigh bone
Patella
Knee cap
Tibia
Large, medial bone of the lower leg
Fibula
Thin, lateral bone of the lower leg
Talus
Large, superior/medial ankle bone
Tarsals
ankle bones
Metatarsals
Anterior foot bones
Pectoral Girdle
Clavicles and scapulae
Pelvic Girdle
bones of the pelvis
Calcaneus
Heel bone
Tuberosity
Large rounded projection; may be roughened
Crest
Narrow ridge of bone; usually prominent.
Trochanter
Very large, blunt, irregularly shaped process. Only exist on the superior portion of the femur.
Line
Narrow ridge of bone; less prominent than a crest.
Tubercle
Small rounded projection or process.
Epicondyle
Raised area on or above a condyle.
Spine
Sharp, slender, often pointed projection/process.
Process
Prominence or projection.
Head
Bony expansion carried on a narrow neck.
Facet
Smooth, nearly flat articular surface.
Condyle
Rounded, convex articular projection.
Ramus
Armlike "bar" of bone.
Antrum
Chamber within a bone.
Sinus
Space within a bone, filled with air and lined with mucous membrane.
Meatus
Canal-like passageway
Fossa
Shallow, basinlike depression in a bone, often serving as an articular surface.
Groove
Furrow/trench in a bone.
Fissure
Narrow, slitlike depression or opening.
Foramen
Round or oval opening through a bone.
Axial Skeleton
Bones that lie around the body's centre of gravity (head, neck, and trunk)
Appendicular Skeleton
Bones of the limbs/appendages and their origins. All bones lying outside of the body's center of gravity (ie: not the head, neck, and trunk)

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