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Glossary of Anatomy Body Types

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Somatotype
Used to describe a particular category or type of body build or physique
Physique
Body build
Endomorph
Heavy torso with protruding abdomen and slightly smaller chest
Mesomorph
Heavily muscled and have large prominent bones
Ectomorph
Tall and thin, relatively short trunk, long limbs, poorly developed musculature
Axial
Consists of head, neck, and trunk of torso
Appendicular
Upper and lower extremities
Anatomical position
Erect, or standing posture, arms at the side, palms turned forward
Sagittal
Lengthwise plane running from front to back; divides body or any of its parts into left and right sides
Coronal or Frontal
Lengthwise plane running from side to side; divides the body or any of its parts into anterior or posterior
Transverse
Crosswise plane; divides body or any of its parts into upper or lower parts

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