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Glossary of Anatomy 3 final

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BPH
benign prostatic hyperplasia
PET
positron emission tomography
PACS
picture archival communication system
DICOM
digital imaging communications
CA-125
protein indicator for cancer
(RIA)
radioimmunoassay
only invitro test
Vasectomy
Vas Deferens is cut and tied
TURP diagnosis
when urination is interfered by hypertrophic prostate
varicelectomy
removal of overly large veins around the scrotum
bilateral orchiectomy
removal of cancerous testis
gamma camera
detects radiopharmaceuticals
gamma knife
device using high energy radiation beams to destroy deep tumors without incisions
lung scan
ventilation- using gas of inhaled aerosal
perfusion- (VQ)radiopharmaceutical injected into lung capillaries to obtain an image of the organ
thyroid iodine scan
injected iodine shows cancer as areas of low absorption
bone scan
tracer bond to phosphorous labels its uptake in bones
CEA test
carcinoembryonic antigen
blood test for the the antigen associated with colorectal cancers
ELISA
test for HIV antibodies
Western blot test
confirms HIV positive results by measuring specific antibodies molecular weight
gamma rays
most used
less harmful
greater penetration
In Vivo tests
evaluate function of organ inside the body
radiopharmaceutical
drug administered for diagnostic purposes
Hot spot
area of greater contrast concentration
cardiolite
technetium tracer used for detecting the flow of just about everything
thallium
used mostly to detect heart malfunction
spleen functions
destroy old erythrocytes
filter blood
activate lymphatic system
store erythrocytes and platelets
cytoxic cells
T8 cells
destroy antigens directly
anti-viral protein
interferones
thyroxine
increases metabolism
parathyroid hormone
raises blood calcium
ACTH
adrenal corticotropic hormone
stimulates the secretion of adrenal medulla
cortisol
produced by adrenal cortex
polypoid
growth extending from either a stem or stalk
Taxol
drug for female cancers
corticosteroids
gluco, mineral, gonado
hormones secreted by adrenal cortex
alkylating agents
synthetic chemicals
interfere with DNA synthesis
CMV
cytomegalovirus
oppurtunistic virus
immunotherapy
using immunologic techniques to treat disease
leukorrhea
white yellowish pus filled vaginal discharge
metrorrhagia
non menstrual uterin bleeding
usually caused by ectopic pregnancy or cervical/uterine cancers
strom
connective tissue of an organ
vasopressin
posterior pituitary
increases water absorption with the kidneys
flur/o
luminous
is/o
same, equal
scint/i
spark
-lucent
to shine
CD4+ protein
identifies HIV infection
HAART
therapy of a combination of drugs
Reed steinberg
identifies Hodgkin disease
plasma cell
transformed B-cell
B and T cells stimulated by
phagocytes
proteins
antigen receptors
active acquired immunity
immunity from having a disease or receiving a vaccination
types of immunity
passive acquired immunity
active acquired immunity
natural immunity
acromegaly
hyper
anterior pituitary
tetany
hypo
parathyroid
diabetes mellitus
hypo
pancreas
Graves disease
hyper
thyroid
myxedema
hypo
thyroid
Cushing syndrom
hyper
adrenal cortex
cretinism
hypo
in children
thyroid
hyponatremia
deficienct blood sodium
polydipsia
excessive thirst
sign of diabetes mellitus or insipidous
diabetes type 1
juvenile
insulin dependent
causing thin appearance
rapid onset
diabetes type 2
usually after 30 years old
often not insulin dependent
causing fat appearance
gradual onset

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