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Glossary of Anatomy 2nd Semester Final

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Antibody that aids in defense
Gamma Globulin
Clotting Protein
Fibrinogen
Transport protein that carries hormones and lipids
Alpha and Beta Globulin
Exerts osmotic pressure to maintain water balance of the blood
Albumin
Protein that transports gases like oxygen
Hemoglobin
Cells that transport carbon dioxide and oxygen
Erythrocytes
General name for all white blood cells
Leukocyte
The most numerous white blood cell which phagocytizes bateria
Nuetrophil
A cell that kills paracistic worms and destroys antigen-antibody complexes
Eosinophil
Least numerous WBC that releastes heparin and histamine
Basophil
Larges WBC; Phagocytizes large foreign organisms, and dead cells. Develops into a macrophage.
Monocyte
Cell fragment that seals small tears in blood vessles and helps to clot blood
Platelet
THe WBC that aids in immune response by direct response or releasing antibodies
Lymphocte
Stationary blood clot in an unbroken blood vessel
Thrombus
A blood clot that breaks away and floats through the blood
Embolus
Tendency to bleed easily to due a clotting mechanism breakdown
Hemophilia
Brittle and abnormally shaped RBC's that carry little O2 and get jammed in small vessels
Sickle cell anemia
Excessive RBC increasing viscosity to sluggish blood
Polycythemia
Low RBC count de to deficienty of vitamin b12 (lack of intrinsic factor)
Pernicious anemia
low RBC count due to destroyed red marrow
Aplastic anemia
WBC cell production out of control
Leukemia
Universal donor?
0-
Universal recipient?
AB+
What can A- recieve?
A-, O-
What can B+ donate to?
B+, AB+
Functions of blood
Prevent infection
Prevent blood loss
Transport 02 from lungs to body cells
Transport CO2 from body cells to lungs
Maintain blood volume

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