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Glossary of Anatomy - medical terms

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-emia
blood, ex. anemia (literally without blood, when someone doesn't have enough iron in their blood due to not enough red blood cells.)leukemia ("white blood", having too many white blood cells)
- itis
inflammation, ex. gastritis, hepititis
-oma
tumor, ex. glycoma, lipoma
- osis
condition, disease, increase
- pathy
disease, ex. osteopathy
- ectomy
excision, remove, ex. hysterectomy
- plasty
surgical correction, ex. rinoplasty (nose job)
- scopy
inspection, examination
- oid
like
aer-
air
angio-
vessel
arth-
joint
cardi-
heart
cerebro-
brain
cephal-
head
cerv-
neck
chrondr-
cartilage
cost-
ribs
cyt-
cell
derm-
skin
encephal-
brain
enter-
intestine
gastr-
stomach
glyco-
sweet
hem, hemat-
blood
hepat-
liver
hyster-
uterus
leuk-
white
lip-
fat
my-
muscle
nephro-
kidney
osteo-
bone
pneum-
lung, air
viscer-
organ
ab-
away from, from
a, an
without, not
anti-
against
bi-
two, double, both
co- con-
together, with
ec- ecto-
out, outside
endo-
within
epi-
upon, at, in addition to
ex-
out, away from
hyper-
excessive, above, beyond
hypo-
beneath, below, deficient
peri-
around, about
semi-
half
sub-
under, beneath, below
trans-
across, over
tri-
three

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