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Glossary of Anatomy: Word Roots

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a- or an-
without, absence
anti-
against
-ase
signifies an enzyme
auto-
self
bi-
two
brady-
slow
cardio-
heart
cephalo-
head
cerebro-
brain
contra-
against
-crine
a secretion
crypt-
hidden
cutan-
skin
-cyte or -cyto
cell
de-
without, lacking
di-
two
dys-
difficult, faulty
-elle
small
endo-
inside or within
exo-
outside
extra-
outside
-emia
blood
epi-
over
erythro-
red
gastro-
stomach
-gen, -genic
produce
gluco-, glyco-
sugar, sweet
hemo-
blood
hepato-
liver
homo-
same
hydro-
water
hyper-
above or excess
hypo-
beneath or deficient
inter-
between
intra-
within
-itis
inflammation
kali-
potassium
leuko-
white
lipo-
fat
lumen
inside of a hollow tube
-lysis
split apart or rupture
macro-
large
micro-
small
mono-
one
multi-
many
myo-
muscle
oligo-
little, few
patho-, pathy-
related to disease
para-
near, close
peri-
around
poly-
many
post-
after
pre-
before
pro-
before
pseudo-
false
re-
again
retro-
backward or behind
semi-
half
sub-
below
super-
above, byond
supra-
above, on top of
tachy-
rapid
trans-
across, through

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