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Glossary of Anatomy1

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Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS):
a. can be reduced by post event massage.
b. occurs only in competitive athletes.
c. is caused by a build up of lactic acid and metabolic wastes.
d. both a & c
D. both A & C
The three layers of skin include:

a. epidermis, dermis, hypodermis
b. epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous
c. dermis, hypodermis, subcutaneous
d. dermis, hypodermis, subcutaneous
B. epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous
The medulla oblongata in the brain stem controls which center?
a. Sensory
B. Cardiac
B. Cardiac
The Brain and spinal cord are located in the :
a. Cranial cavity
b. Dorsal cavity
B. Dorsal Cavity
Where is bone marrow found?
a. In the cavities of bones
b. Inside the spongy bone
A. In the cavities of bones
The pyloric sphincter is located between the :
a. stomach and the duodenum
b. duodenum and the jejunum
A. Stomach and the duodenum
The ileocecal valve is located between :
a. the stomach & small intestine
b. the small & large intestine
c. the decending colon & sigmoid colon
d. large intestine & rectum
B. found between the small & large intestine
From the stomach to the large intestine, which of these is the correct order?
a. jejunum, ileum, duodenum
b. duodenum, jejunum, ilium
c. ilium, jejunum, duodenum
d. duodenum, ilium, jejunum
B. Duodenum, jejunum, ilium
The main shaft of long bones and the outer layer of other bones are made up of which type of bone tissue?
a. Compact
b. Spongy
c. Calcaneous
d. Periosteum
A. Compact
The term dorsal has the same meaning as the term:

a. anterior
b. posterior
c. inferior
d. caudal
B. Posterior
The building-up phase of metabolism is called:

a. Anabolism
b. Catabolism
B. Anabolism
A contraction in which a muscle exerts force but does NOT change in length is called:
a. isotonic contraction
b. isometric contraction
c. recruitment
d. tetanic
B. Isometric contraction
A STRAIN is characterized by:

a. an over-stretched muscle
b. an over-stretched ligament or joint.
A. An over-stretched muscle
Which term is used to decribe the person of the lower extremities?

a. Caudal
b. Dorsal
c. Cephalad
A. Caudal
A SPRAIN is characterized by:

a. an over-stretched muscle
b. an over-stretched ligament or joint.
B. an over-stretched ligament or joint.

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