Glossary of Anatomy- Nervous System pg 70-94
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- The cerebrum derivates from what embryonic structure?
- The topography of the cerebral cortex consists of what three elements?
- fissures (deep grooves)
- What are the four major elements of the cerebral hemispheres?
- 1. cerebral cortex of gray matter
2. underlying white matter
3. discrete masses of gray matter at the base of the cerebrum (basal nuclei)
4. lateral ventricles
- The frontal lobe is concerned with what?
- itellectual functions, aggression, sexual behavior, olfaction, speech, and voluntary movement
- Where is Broca's area of speech?
- frontal lobe of the left hemisphere
- The primary motor area is also known as?
- precentral gyrus
- What separates the frontal lobe from the parietal lobe?
- central suclcus
- The parietal lobe is concerned with?
- body sensory awareness-taste, language, abstract reasoning, body imaging
- What is the temporal concerned with?
- limbic portion: fromation of emotions
nonlimbic portion: interpretation of language and hearing, a major memory processing area
- What is the occipital lobe concerned with?
- receiving, interpreting, and discriminating visual stimuli from optic tract
- What is the limbic lobe?
- center of emotional behavior
- The left hemisphere deals with? right hemisphere deals with?
- left: higher functions (math, analytical, verbal)
right: visual, spatial, and musical orientation
- What are the two basal nuclei?
- caudate and lenticular (putamen and globus pallidus)
- What are the basal nuclei concerned with?
- maintenance of muscle tone and programming of subconscious, sequential postural adjustments, monitor descending mkotor commands from cerebral cortex
- Thalamic nuclei do what?
- -integrate sensory experiences for appropriate motor response
-integrate specific sensory input with emotional responses
-regulate and maintain the conscious state
- What are the subthalamic nuclei concerned with?
- motor activity
- The epithalamus or _____, produces what hormone?
- pineal gland, melatonin
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