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Glossary of Anatomy- Chapter 1

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Superior
towards the head or upper part of the structure or the body; above

ex: forehead to the nose
Inferior
away from the head; below

ex: naval to the breastbone
Anterior (ventral)
the front

ex: breastbone to the spine
Posterior (dorsal)
backside of, behind

ex: heart to the breastbone
Medial
midline of the body

ex: heart to arm
Lateral
away from midline

ex: arm to heart
Intermediate
between medial and lateral structure

ex: armpit between breastbone and shoulder
proximal
close to the origin of body part or attachment of limb to body trunk

ex: elbow to wrist
distal
further away from the point of attachment

ex: fingers from elbow
superficial
towards the top, or body surface

ex: abdominal muscles are superficial to intestines
deep
further away from body surface
dorsal body cavity
cranial cavity (brain), spinal cavity (spinal cord)
ventral body cavity
throacic cavity (heart/lungs/etc), diaphragm separates it from the Abdominopelvic Cavity (abdomen/pelvic muscles, digestive, urinary, and reproductive organs)

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