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Glossary of Anatomical Terminology 2

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Anatomical Position
A body posture with the body erect, the face forward, the arms at the sides with the palms facing forward, and the toes pointing straight ahead
Relative Positions
Terms of relative position are used to decribe the location of one body part with respect to another
Surperior
meaning a part is above another part, or closed to the head. (The thoracic cavity is ??? to the abdominopelvic cavity.)
Inferior
Means a part is below anouther part, or toward the feet. (The neck is ??? to the head.)
Anterior (or Ventral)
Means towards the front. (The eyes are ??? to the brain.)
Posterior (or Dordal)
Is the opposite of anterior; it means toward the back. (The pharynx is ??? to the oral cavity.)
Medial
Relates to an imaginary midline dividing the body into equal right and left haves. A part is medial if it is closer to this line than anouther part. (The nose is ??? to the eyes)
Lateral
Means towards the side with respect to the imaginary midline. (The ears are ??? to the eyes.)
Ipsilateral
Pertains to the same side (the spleen and the descending colon are ??? )
Contralateral
Refers to the opposite side (the spleen and the gallbladder are ??? )
Proximal
Describes a part that is closer to the trunk of the body or closer to another specified point of reference than anouther part. (The elbow is ??? to the wrist.)
Distal
Is the opposite of proximal. Means particular body part is farther from the trunk or farther from another specified point of reference than anouther part (The fingers are ??? to the wrist.)
Superficial
Means situated near the surface. (The epidermis is the ??? layer of skin.)
Peripheral
Also means outward or near the surface. It describes the location of certain blood vessels and nerves.
Deep
Describes parts that are more internal
Mid Sagittal or median plane
Refers to a lengthwise cut that divides the body into right and left portions
Transverse or Horizontal
Refers to a cut that divides the body into superior and inferior portions
Coronal or Frontal plane
Refers to a section that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions.
Epigastric Region
The upper middle portion
Left and Right Hypchondriac Regions
On each side of the epigastric region
Umbilical Region
The central portion
Left and Right Lumbar Regions
On each side of the umbilical region
Hypogastric Region
The lower middle portion
Left and Right Iliac (or inguinal) Region
On each side of the hypogastric region

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