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Glossary of Anatomical Terminology

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antomical position
person standing erect with feet flat on floor, arms at sides, and palms, face and eyes facing forward
sagital plane
extends vertically and divides the body or organ into left and right portions
median plane
or
midsagittal plane
passes through midline of body and divides into EQUAL right and left halves
frontal plane
or
coronal plane
runs vertically and divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
tranverse plane
or
horizontal plane
divides the body or organ into superior and inferior
ventral
toward the front or belly
dorsal
toward the back or spine
anterior
toward the ventral side
posterior
toward the dorsal side
caphalic
toward the head or superior end
rostral
toward the forehead or nose
caudal
toward the tail or inferior end
superior
above
inferior
below
medial
toward the midsagittal plane
lateral
away from the midsagittal plane
proximal
closer to the point of attachment or origin
distal
farther from the point of attachment or origin
superficial
closer to the body surface
deep
farther from the body surface

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