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Glossary of American Republic Ch. 3 4

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Congregationalists
Congregationalists were members of the Puritan congregation and had more say in church affairs.
Halfway Covenant
The Puritans developed this covenant in 1662 in order to accept the children of church members even if they were not saved.
Moravian Great Awakening
Followers of an earlier reformer; John Huss. who came from Moravia, Germany to Georgia in 1732. Influenced American church music and were Evangalists to the Indians and slaves.
Samuel Davies
Samuel Davies was a great leader in the southern Great Awakening. He was the greatest orator of his day.
Jonathan Edwards
Jonathan Edwards played a key role in the Great Awakening. His sermons caused many hearts to be convicted and as a result hundreds were saved.
George Whitefield
Another important figure in the Great Awakening. An Englishman who was key in the Great Awakening and preached over 18,000 sermons. In 1740 established Bethesda. Today is is America's oldest orphanage.
Enlightenment
A movement that held rational thinking and critical reasoning in high regard.
deism
A philosophy that taught God created the universe in a perfect and balanced manner, then left it to just run it's course.
Unitarianism
A movement that denied the diety of Jesus Christ. They believed that He was just a man and that salvation wasn't needed
grammar schools
Schools where children learned to read and write as well as learn Greek and Latin.
dame schools
These were windows or single ladies who took on the task of teaching children to read and write if the parents couldn't.
Harvard College
Founded by the Puritans in 1636, Harvard was the first chartered institution of higher learning in the colonies.
apprenticeship
Used to teach trades and usually lasted seven years or until the apprentice turned twenty-one.
Duncan Phyfe
A famous furniture maker. He made fine furniture from top-quality mahogony wood and much of it has lasted for generations.
John Singleton Copley
"The greatest painter ever to work in colonial America."

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