Glossary of American Justice Chapter One Study guide
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- Why do we have Laws?
- To use as a guideline for moral human behavior. Encourage people to do what is right and discourage to do whats wrong.
- Which ancient written code of conduct asserted the power of the State, protected weaker from the stronger, and attempted to restore equity between offender and victim?
- Code of Hammurabi.
- What is the common law?
- It was nothing more than a set of unwritten rules and customs that acted as guidelines for settling disputes, determining inheritance of property, and dealing with persons who committed crimes.
- Which crime classification subjects the violator to the most severe punishment either by death, imprisonment in a state prison for more than a year?
- A felony.
- What is a misdemeanor?
- Is a crime that can result in a fine or a maximum imprisonment for one year.
- What document is considered to be the foreruner of the present "due process" rights becasuse it granted the people of England certain political and civil rights?
- The Magna Carta
- What is an Atonement>?
- A form a money that was used to repay the victims family. Currency was horses, coes, and money.
- What does the Fourth Amendment to the US Constitution?
- Unreasonable searches and seizures and requires probable cause.
- Which amendment to the US constitution prohibits double jeopardy and prohibits compleeling a person in a criminal case to be a witness against himself?
- 5th Amendment
- Which Amendment prohibits cruel and unusual punishment?
- 8th amendment
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