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Glossary of American Government Exam Review

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american civil liberties union
ACLU
declared innocent, exonerated
acquittal
court system, legal battles
Adversary system
equal rights for job oppurtunities
Affirmative action
foreigner
alien
addition to or change in a document
amendment
agreement between 2 countries
alliance
freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
first amendment
right to bear arms
2nd amendment
search, seizures,
4th amendment
election of president and vice president
12th amendment
prohibition of intoxicating liquors
18th amendment
group pardon
amnesty
to make a district larger by taking land
annexation
illegal burning of property
arson
us constitution states that the government can do anything necessary and proper
article one section 8
elastic clause
put up money or security to assure your appearance in court
bail
alan bakke was denied admission to medical school
bakke decision
trial with no jury
bench trial
2 house legislature
bicameral
1 house legistlature
unicameral
jailed without a trial
bill of attainder
loaning the government money and they pay you back with interest
bonds
sent to another courty with a higher authority
bound over
separte but equal is not okay
brown vs board of education
hierarchial order of the gov
bureacracy
CAB
civil aeronautics board
meeting to talk
caucaus
formal disapproval of a congressman's action by congress
censure
official population county
census
move to another court
change of venue
tabs on other branches of govenment
checks and balances
CIA
central intelligence agency
rights entitield to an individual at birth
civil rights
only party members can vote
closed primaries
give and take to reach an agreement
collective bargaining
agreement between countries, attack on one is attack on all
collective security
exclusive right to produce and sell goods, good for life plus 50 years
copyright
real strong candidate will have others elected from their popularity
coattail effect
replace one sentence with another
commute a sentence
personal and business interest collide
conflict of interest
joining together
consolidation
basic law of the land
consitution
suspicious deaths get investigated
coroner
AEC
atomic energy commission
candidate with little chance of winning
dark horse candidate
segragation by fact
de facto
segregation by law
de jure
colonies declaring freedom from great britain
declaration of indpendance
proof of ownership of property
deed
spending money you don't have
defecit spending
ruled by the people for the people
democracy
peaceful coexistance
detente
build up and advertise military strength
deterrance
take part in decision directly
direct democracy
winner goes directly to general election
direct primaries
full financial profile
disclosure
paid at point of sale
direct tax
DOD
department of defense
how we raise a military
draft
study of aspects of nature
ecology
stealing something entrusted to you
embezzlement
right of government to take private land for public use
eminent domain
no prayer in public schools
engle vs vitale
benefits government must pay
entitlements
what effect will this have on the environment
evironmental impact statement
EPA
environmental protection agency
ERA
equal rights amendment
tax on assets of one who dies
estate tax
legal when you did it, illegal now
expost facto law

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