Glossary of American Government: Declaration of Independence
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- How many delegates signed the declaration?
- Why were the grievances listed in the declaration directed specifically against King George?
- patriots did not consider themselves to be subjects of Parliament
- What three things did the delegates pledge when they signed the Declaration of Independence?
- "...our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor."
- The second act of "pretended legislation" accused the king of protecting the armed troops from punishment for murder. How was he protecting them?
- "mock trial"
- Grievance seven states that King George "has endeavored to prevent the population of these states" by obstructing what?
- "laws for naturalization of foreigners"
- To whom did the declaration refer when it stated, "...as we hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in peace friends"?
- "our British brethren"
- To whom did the signers appeal "for the rectitude of our intentions"?
- "the Supreme Judge of the World"
- Many ideas contained in the Declaration of Independence came from what British philosopher?
- John Locke
- The draft of the declaration was laid before the congress on what date?
- June 28, 1776
- Who was the King of England in 1776?
- King George III
- Was the declaration's major long-term impact contained in the long list of grievances against the king, or was it in the first section dealing with the rights of man?
- "We hold these truths to be self-evident: That all men are created equal..." The ringing words in the first part of the declaration are the ones we hold dear, the ones that we remember and strive to live by.
- On what date did the Second Continental Congress convene in Philadelphia?
- May 10, 1775
- Who was the president of the Second Continental Congress?
- John Hancock of Massachusetts
- What is the name of the battle that officially began the American Revolution?
- the battle of Lexington and Concord
- Who believed that the writing of the Declaration of Independence was his greatest accomplishment?
- Thomas Jefferson
- Who was the first signer of the Declaration of Independence?
- John Hancock of Massachusetts
- Name three major players who moved America toward independence.
- Thomas Paine
Richard Henry Lee
- On what date did the delegates officially vote for independence from Great Britain?
- July 2, 1776
- What is the name of the Pennsylvania State House today?
- Independence Hall
- Name the first of the "acts of pretended legislation."
- "For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us"
- On what date did we actually become an independent country? Was it when the declaration was signed? Was it after the war? Was it when we adopted our constitution?
- Declaration of Independence in Congress, July 4, 1776
The unanimous declaration of the thirteen United States of America
- According to the Declaration of Independence, from where does a government derive its power?
- "from the consent of the governed"
- The declaration called King George a tyrant, unfit to do what?
- "be the ruler of a free people"
- State the number of main charges brought against King George III.
- 18--each one begins with "He has...", with the exception of the 16th, which begins with "He is..."
- What major portion of Jefferson's original declaration was omitted by Congress?
- the charge that the king was responsible for slavery in the colonies
- On what date did the American Revolution officially begin?
- April 19, 1775
- Give the number of "acts of pretended legislation" as stated in grievance 13.
- Nine--each one begins with the word "For," such as "For quartering...troops..."; "For imposing taxes..."
- List the four specific powers declared to belong to the "free and independent states."
- "levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce"
- What are the two main parts of the Declaration of Independence?
- 1. states the rights of all men
2. brings charges against King George III
- Name the place of meeting where the declaration was signed.
- Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia
- In general, what were the two major complaints against King George which were detailed in the declaration?
- 1. attempting to destroy representative government in the colonies
2. oppressing colonists through use of excessive force
- The Declaration of Independence was adopted on what date?
- July 4, 1776
- What are the ten words preceding, "we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor"?
- "with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence"
- Grievance 11 accuses the king of keeping what "among us, in times of peace"?
- "standing armies, without the consent of our legislatures"
- What illegal act against the Crown was committed by the signers of the Declaration of Independence?
- Grievance 15 lists four of King George's offenses against the colonists. Name them.
- "He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people."
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