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Glossary of Aikido vocabulary

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onegai shimasu
Please (I request of you)
(do-mo) arigato- gozaimasu (gozaimashita)
You earn(ed) my thanks (very much)
aikido
The way of blending energy
uke
attacker (one being thrown)
nage
a throw, or the thrower
hanmi
stance with one foot forward
ai-hanmi
two matching han-mi stances
gyaku-hanmi
two opposite han-mi stances
irimi
entering move
omote
front-wise
ura
back-wise
ikkyo
first technique
nikkyo
second technique
sankyo
third technique
suwari waza
sitting-style (on knees and toes)
Tai sabaki
Footwork
Migi
Right
Hidari
Left
Tenkan
A turning movement involving sweeping the backward leg 180º and changing directions
Tenkai
A pivot 180º without moving the leg position
Tenshin
Stepping backwards at a 45º angle off the line of attack
Shomenuchi
Direct overhead downward stroke
Yokomenuchi
Diagonal downward blow
Tsuki
Punch (esp to abdomen)
Tekubi
Wrist
Ushiro
Rear
Ushiro tekubi tori
Rear wrist grab
Kata
Shoulder
Tori
Grab
Kata tori
Taking the shoulder
Katate
Wrist
Katate tori
Taking a wrist
Morotetori
Taking a wrist with two hands
Ryotetori
taking one wrist in each hand
Eritori
Taking by the collar
Hijitori
Taking the elbow
Kubishime
Neck-hold
Men
Head or face
Uchi
the inside
Waza
Technique
Yonkyo
Fourth technique, using nerve pressure point
Gokyo
Fifth technique
Shiho nage
Four directions throw
Kotegaeshi
Wrist-twist: using outward spiral
Irimi nage
Entering throw
Kokkyu
Breath
Kokkyu nage
Breath throw (uke redirected without immobilization)
Koshi
Hip
Koshinage
Hip throw
Kaiten
Rotary
Kaitennage
Rotary throw
Udekimenage
A throw applying pressure to the underside of uke’s elbow
Jujinage
Plus-sign (number ten) throw: crossing uke's arms
Ten
Heaven
Chi
Earth
Tenchi Nage
Throw using upward and downward energy
Sumiotoshi
Corner throw
Aikiotoshi
A throw in which nage pins uke’s legs together
Ude
Arm
Osae
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