Glossary of Aging

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this therapy can:
Reduce stress-induced symptoms
Requires Less Medical Care
Add years to your life
Pet therapy
In hospice care and in many nursing homes, the process of thinking back on one's life and communicating about one's life to another person
Life review therapy
a simple, group therapy of an objective nature designed in an effort to reach the unwounded areas of a person's personality in order to get them moving, once again, in the direction of reality.
Remotivation therapy
based on the belief that continually and repeatedly telling or showing certain reminders to people with mild to moderate memory loss will result in an increase in interaction with others and improved orientation. This in turn can improve self-esteem and
Reality orientation
Adolescence is generally
viewed as the beginning of the field of adolescent psychology.
G Stanley Hall
a pioneer in another developmental field, that of gerontology-the study of
all aspects of aging and later life.
G Stanley Hall
Senescence: The Last Half of Life
was the first published book on this topic in the United States and one of the
first in the world.
G Stanley Hall
progressive sequence by which the genetic
substrate of an organism is expressed in physical structure and function.
the process of
development that results in orderly changes in behaviors characteristic of a
from conception until birth,
prenatal stage
first 2 weeks of prenatal stage
germinal stage
2 - 8 weeks of prenatal stage
embryonic stage
birth to the end of the second year
preschool period from 2 to 5 or 6 years
early childhood
age 6 to puberty
middle childhood
start of
puberty to age 20
third and fourth decades of life (ages
early adulthood
age 40 to 65
middle adulthood
age 65 until death
later adulthood or old age
% of the entire U.S. population consists of adults over 18 years
of age.
the founder of the Society of Jesus
Ignatius Loyola
father of genetics
Gregor Mendel
whose monumental
volumes on the Origin of Species in 1859 ushered in a new way of thinking
about the sources of differences in species through natural selection and the
survival of the fittest.
Charles Darwin
the science that is concerned with the examination of both the
structural factors (distributions by age, sex, marital status, etc.) and dynamic
factors (births, deaths, migratory patterns, etc.) in human populations.
pioneer demographers
John Graunt, Edmund Halley, Adolphe
Quetelet, and Benjamin Gompertz
led to the establishment of civil registries
of births, deaths, marriages, and other demographic events in countries
throughout the world
John Graunt, Edmund Halley, Adolphe
Quetelet, and Benjamin Gompertz
collects nationwide data concerning births,
marriages, divorces, and deaths by age, sex, race/ethnicity, geographical region,
and month, and makes this information available in publications such
as the Monthly Vital Statistics Report.
National Center for Health Statistics
same group of individuals are followed up over a long period of time and
periodically reevaluated
longitudinal study
groups of people of different chronological
ages are measured at the same point in time.
cross-sectional study
he first used the cross-sectional study in 1838
Adolphe Quetelet
Schaie’s most efficient design
cross-sectional, then longitudinal followed by new cross sections
The interactive effect of cohort and age on the dependent variable is of
the interaction
between cohort and time of measurement is of concern
cross-sectional analysis
the interaction between age and time of
measurement is of concern
time-sequential analysis
implies that the subjects have been told the purpose of
the research and their participation in it, what they will be required to do,
what risks, potential harm, or benefits to them may occur as a result of
participating in the research, a
informed consent
first medical researcher to study the aging process,
British physician, considered aging to be due to a loss of irritability in
the neural and muscular tissue,
Erasmus Darwin
considered aging to be
the consequence of accumulating homeostatic faults or errors and the resulting
failure to maintain a steady internal balance.
inner-ear deafness
as depression worsens, physical symptoms begin to become apparent, what are they?
Weight loss or gain
Sleep disturbance
Loss of interest in sex
Lack of arousal
The text’s conclusion that age is negatively correlated with lifetime risk for depression is based on
cross-sectional correlational studies.
Research has shown that rates of depression in children compare how to the rates of depression in adults?
Rates of depression in children are as high (equal to) adults.
Woman with depression outnumber men with depression by __________ to 1.
Recent stressful loss
is a risk factor for depression.

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