Glossary of Aerobic respiration from the SparkNotes SAT II Prep
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- Anerobic respiration can function without _____?
- without oxygen, organisms still carry out glycosis, but glycosis requires ____, which requires oxygen.
- Cells must find another way to turn _____ back into NAD+.
- in the absesnce of oxygen, cells use ___________ to turn NADH into NAD+.
- T or F: Fermentation does not produce additional energy.
- ________ are not needed in anaerobic respiration, so fermentation uses then to regenerate NAD+
- By using pyruvates, glycosis continues, but energy is lost that was in the pyruvate ______.
- What are the two principle forms of fermentation?
- lactic acid fermentation
- No matter what kind of fermentation occurs, anaerobic respiration only produces ___ net ATP in glycosis.
- In lactic acid fermentation, pyruvate convered into a ______-_______ compound called lactic acid.
- three carbon
- pyruvate+NADH -> lactic acid ______
- Where is lactic acid fermentation common?
- fungi and bacteria
- Lactic acid occurs in the muscles when ______ _______ causes temporary oxygen shortage.
- strenuous exercise
- Lactic acid is a _____ substance, which is why buildup makes up feel sore and tired.
- pyruvate + NADH -> ethyl alchohol + NAD+ + ____
- Alcoholic fermentation is the source of ethyl alcohol present in _____ and ________.
- wines and liquors
- When yest in bread dough runs out of oxygen, is goes through ________ fermentation.
- Alcoholic fermentation in bread produces _______ ______, and this makes bubbles in the dough that cause it to rise.
- carbon dioxide
- Ethanol produced by alcoholic fermentation is ____. That is why after ethanol levels reach 12%, the yeast dies.
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